The Lenoir Family Papers 1763-1940, 1969-1975

Collection Title: Lenoir Family Papers, 1763-1940, 1969-1975
Digital ContentSome content for this collection is available online. Browse the contents list below.
This is a finding aid. It is a description of archival material held in the Wilson Library at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Unless otherwise noted, the materials described below are physically available in our reading room, and not digitally available through the World Wide Web. See the Duplication Policy section for more information.
This collection was processed with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Division of Preservation and Access, Washington, D.C., 1993-1994. Funding from the State Library of North Carolina supported the encoding of this finding aid.
expand/collapse Collection Overview
Size
24.5 feet of linear shelf space (approximately 13,200 items)
Abstract
Lenoir family members include William Lenoir, Revolutionary War general and N.C. politician of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C.; Lenoir’s friend and father in law of two of Lenoir’s sons Waightstill Avery, lawyer, legislator, and signer of the Mecklenburg Declaration; and his son in law Israel Pickens, N.C. congressman, 1811-1817, governor of Alabama, 1821-1825, and U.S. senator from Alabama, 1826. Also important are William Lenoir’s children, especially William Ballard Lenoir of Roane County, Tenn.; Thomas and his wife Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir of Fort Defiance; and Walter Raleigh Lenoir of Boone County, Mo. Much material relates to Thomas and Selina’s children, especially William Avery Lenoir; Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir of Fort Defiance; Walter Waightstill, a lawyer in Lenoir, N.C., and his wife Cornelia Isabella Christian Lenoir; Thomas Isaac and his wife Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir of the family plantation at East Fork of Pigeon, Haywood County, N.C.; Rufus Theodore and his wife Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir of Fort Defiance; son in law Joseph Caldwell Norwood, a teacher in Hillsborough, N.C.; and cousin William Bingham of the Bingham School in Orange County, N.C. There is also material relating to the children of Rufus and Sallie, including Thomas Ballard of Fort Defiance; Rufus Theodore, Jr., of Athens, Ga., and his wife Clyde Lyndon Lenoir; and to members of the related Avery, Norwood, and Pickens families. Correspondence chiefly centers on General William Lenoir of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C., and his children, especially William Ballard Lenoir of Roane County, Tenn.; Thomas and his wife Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir of Fort Defiance; Walter Raleigh Lenoir of Boone County, Mo.; and son in law Israel Pickens, N.C. congressman, 1811-1817, governor of Alabama, 1821-1825, and U.S. senator from Alabama, 1826. There is also correspondence of members of the Avery, Norwood, and Pickens families. Abstract 1.1.a: Letters relating to politics begin in the 1790s and are chiefly from or to William Lenoir at Fort Defiance. Local and state political topics include Whig politics; lottery ticket sales in support for the University of North Carolina; William Lenoir’s militia activities in 1812; internal improvements, especially lobbying for roads and railroads; and political ambitions of various family members. National politics was discussed by William Lenoir’s congressional friends in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., including N.C. congressman Lewis Williams. Topics include Revolutionary War pensions; banking and international trade issues; the containment of slavery; Thomas Jefferson and his political opponents; Israel Pickens’s career as a member of Congress during the War of 1812 and as Alabama governor; and distaste for Andrew Jackson. Abstract 1.1.b: Business letters relate chiefly to plantation management, including buying, selling, and supervising slaves; land speculation chiefly in North Carolina and Tennessee; and William Lenoir’s unsuccessful attempt to retain lands confiscated from Moravians after the Revolutionary War. Family letters express the hopes and aspirations of family members relating to mates, children, careers, and living conditions. Much correspondence relates to the lives of the women of the family. Letters discuss births, marriages, and deaths; the education of male and female family members, chiefly at the Bingham School, Salem Academy, and the University of North Carolina; health issues, especially relating to Waightstill Avery, lawyer, legislator, and signer of the Mecklenburg Declaration; feelings towards slavery; and William Lenoir’s exploits at the Battle of King’s Mountain.
Creator
Lenoir family.
Language
English
Back to Top
expand/collapse Information For Users
Restrictions to Access
No restrictions. Open for research.
Copyright Notice
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Preferred Citation
[Identification of item], in the Lenoir Family Papers #426, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Alternate Form of Material
Microfilm copy available.
· Reel 1: Series 1.1. Correspondence, 1773-1822 (folders 1-34)
· Reel 2: Series 1.1. Correspondence, 1823-1833 (folders 35-58)
· Reel 3: Series 1.1. Correspondence, 1834-May 1839 (folders 59-75)
· Reel 4: Series 1.1.-1.2. Correspondence June 1839-May 1843 (folders 76-87)
· Reel 5: Series 1.2. Correspondence, June 1843-December 1847 (folders 88-100)
· Reel 6: Series 1.2. Correspondence, 1848-1853 (folders 101-113)
· Reel 7: Series 1.2. Correspondence, 1854-1856 (folders 114-127)
· Reel 8: Series 1.2. Correspondence, 1857-1859 (folders 128-138)
· Reel 9: Series 1.2 -1.3. Correspondence, 1860-1863 (folders 139-153)
· Reel 10: Series 1.3 -1.4. Correspondence, 1864-1873 (folders 154-167)
· Reel 11: Series 1.4. Correspondence, 1874-1881 (folders 168-179)
· Reel 12: Series 1.4. Correspondence, 1882-1890 (folders 180-188)
· Reel 13: Series 1.5. Correspondence, 1891-1894 (folders 189-198)
· Reel 14: Series 1.5. Correspondence, 1895-1901 (folders 199-213)
· Reel 15: Series 1.5.-1.6. Correspondence, 1902-undated (folders 214-226)
· Reel 16: Series 1.6.-2.3.1. Correspondence, undated – Clippings (folders 227-254)
· Reel 17: Series 2.3.1.-3.1.1. Clippings – Household and plantation records (folders 255-272)
· Reel 18: Series 3.1.1.-3.1.4. Household and plantation records (folders 273-296)
· Reel 19: Series 3.1.5.-3.1.8.4. Household and plantation records (folders 297-324)
· Reel 20: Series 3.1.8.4.-3.2.3. Household and plantation records – Legal and business records (folders 297-355)
· Reel 21: Series 3.2.4.1.-3.2.5.1. Legal and business records (folders 356-366)
· Reel 22: Series 3.2.5.2.-3.2.8. Legal and business records (folders 367-382)
· Reel 23: Series 3.2.9.1.-3.2.11. Legal and business records (folders 383-420)
· Reel 24: Series 3.3.1.-4.2.2. Political papers – Land records (folders 421-448)
· Reel 25: Series 4.3.-4.4.1. Land records (folders 449-471)
· Reel 26: Series 4.4.1.-4.4.3. Land records (folders 472-497)
· Reel 27: Series 4.4.3.-4.4.4. Land records (folders 498-524)
· Reel 28: Series 4.4.5.-5.1.1. Land records – Financial and business volumes (folders 525-573)
· Reel 29: Series 5.1.1.-5.1.4. Financial and business volumes (folders 574-632)
· Reel 30: Series 5.1.5.-5.3. Financial and business volumes (folders 633-654)
· Reel 31: Series 5.3. Financial and business volumes (folders 655-661)
· Reel 32: Series 5.3.-6.2.2. Financial and business volumes – Census records (folders 662-692)
· Reel 33: Series 6.2.2.-6.4.3. Census records – Postal records (folders 693-716)
· Reel 34: Series 6.5.1.-8. Court records – Pictures (folders 717-739)
Acquisitions Information
Received from T. Felix Hickerson of Chapel Hill, N.C. in 1953, 1954, and 1961; A. Earl Weatherly of Greensboro, N.C. in 1958; Hugh G. Chatham of Elkin, N.C. in 1958; Rufus Lenoir Patterson of Caldwell County, N.C.; Mary Patterson Fisher of Chapel Hill, N.C. in 1961; Paul Gregory of Wilkesboro, N.C. in 1974; Richard Shrader of Chapel Hill, N.C., in 2003 (Acc. 99461); and others.
Sensitive Materials Statement
Manuscript collections and archival records may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations, the North Carolina Public Records Act (N.C.G.S. § 132 1 et seq.), and Article 7 of the North Carolina State Personnel Act (Privacy of State Employee Personnel Records, N.C.G.S. § 126-22 et seq.). Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual’s private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill assumes no responsibility.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
General Abstract
· Avery family.
· Avery, Waightstill, 1741-1821.
· Bingham, Wm. (William), 1835-1873.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Lenoir family.
· Lenoir, Clyde Lyndon.
· Lenoir, Cornelia Isabella Christian, 1827-1859.
· Lenoir, Mary Elizabeth Garrett, 1844-1880.
· Lenoir, Rufus Theodore, 1825-1912.
· Lenoir, Rufus Theodore.
· Lenoir, Sarah Jones, d. 1899.
· Lenoir, Sarah Lenora Gwyn, 1833-1913.
· Lenoir, Selina Louisa Avery, 1783-1864.
· Lenoir, Thomas Ballard.
· Lenoir, Thomas Isaac, 1817-1882.
· Lenoir, Thomas, 1780-1861.
· Lenoir, Walter Raleigh, 1786-1843.
· Lenoir, Walter Waightstill, 1823-1890.
· Lenoir, William Avery, 1808-1861.
· Lenoir, William Ballard, 1775-1852.
· Lenoir, William, b. ca. 1751.
· Norwood family.
· Norwood, Joseph Caldwell, 1815-1889.
· Pickens family.
· Pickens, Israel, 1780-1827.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 1.1.a,b. Correspondence, 1773-1839
· Avery family.
· Avery, Waightstill, 1741 1821.
· Banks and banking–United States–History–19th century.
· Bingham School (Orange County, N.C.)–Students–Social life and customs.
· Boone County (Mo.)–Social life and customs.
· Caldwell County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Education–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Governors–Alabama–History–19th century.
· Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845.
· Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826.
· King’s Mountain, Battle of, S.C., 1780.
· Lenoir family.
· Moravians–North Carolina–History.
· North Carolina–Militia–History–War of 1812.
· North Carolina–Politics and government–1775-1865.
· Norwood family.
· Pickens family.
· Pickens, Israel, 1780-1827.
· Plantations–North Carolina.
· Plantations–Tennessee.
· Railroads–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Real estate investment–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Real estate investment–Tennessee–History–19th century.
· Roads–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Salem Academy (Winston Salem, N.C.)–Students–Social life and customs.
· Slavery–North Carolina.
· Slavery–Tennessee.
· Slavery–United States–History–19th century.
· United States–Foreign relations–1783-1865.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783–Claims.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783–Pensions.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783-Confiscations and contributions.
· United States–History–War of 1812.
· United States. Congress–History-19th century.
· University of North Carolina (1793-1962)–History–19th century.
· University of North Carolina (1793-1962)–Students–Social life and customs.
· Whig Party (N.C.).
· Williams, Lewis, 1782-1842.
· Women–Southern States–Social life and customs.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 1.2. Correspondence, 1840-1860
· Avery family.
· Bingham School (Orange County, N.C.).
· Bingham family.
· Bingham, Wm. (William), 1835-1873.
· Caldwell County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Children–Death–History–19th century.
· Courtship–History–19th century.
· Education–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Haywood County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Health resorts–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Jefferson Medical College–Students–History–19th century.
· Lenoir (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Lenoir family.
· North Carolina–Politics and government–1775-1865.
· Norwood family.
· Pickens family.
· Plantations–North Carolina.
· Railroads–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Real estate investment–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Real estate investment–Tennessee–History–19th century.
· Roads–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Roane County (Tenn.)–Social life and customs–19th century.
· Salem Academy (Winston Salem, N.C.)–Students–History–19th century.
· Slavery–North Carolina.
· Slaves–Emancipation–West Indies.
· University of North Carolina (1793 1962)–Students–Social life and customs.
· Whig Party (Ala.).
· Women–Southern States–Social life and customs.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 1.3. Correspondence, 1861-1865
· Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, Va., 1862.
· Caldwell County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Confederate States of America–Medical care.
· Confederate States of America–Social conditions.
· Confederate States of America. Army–Military life.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Haywood County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Lenoir family.
· Plantations–North Carolina.
· Slavery–North Carolina.
· Stoneman’s Raid, 1865.
· Women–Southern States–Social life and customs.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 1.4. Correspondence, 1866-1890; Series 1.4. Correspondence, 1891-1937
· African Americans–Migrations–History–19th century.
· Bingham School (Orange County, N.C.).
· Bingham, Wm. (William), 1835-1873.
· Caldwell County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Currency question–United States–History.
· Eating disorders–History–19th century.
· Education–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Freedmen–North Carolina.
· Haywood County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Lenoir family.
· Linville (N.C.)–History.
· Linville Improvement Company.
· North Carolina. General Assembly–History–19th century.
· Oertel, Johannes Adam Simon, 1823-1909.
· Oertel, Julia Adelaide Torrey, d. 1907.
· Real estate investment–North Carolina.
· Rutherford Military Institute (Rutherfordton, N.C.).
· Watauga County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Women–Southern States–Social life and customs.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 2. Diaries and other writings, 1770-1940
· Camp Lee (Beaufort District, S.C.).
· Cherokee Indians–Government relations–History–18th century.
· Confederate States of America. Army–Medical care.
· Confederate States of America. Army–Military life.
· Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Regiment, 25th.
· Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Regiment, 37th.
· Diaries.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Indians of North America–History–18th century.
· Lenoir family.
· North Carolina–Politics and government–1775-1865.
· Soldiers–United States–Diaries–History–19th century.
· Soldiers–United States–Diaries.
· Speeches, addresses, etc., American–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· United States–History–Civil War, 1861-1865–Personal narratives, Confederate.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1776-1783–Campaigns.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1776-1783–Personal narratives.
· United States–Poetry–History–19th century.
· Women–North Carolina–Diaries–History–19th century.
· Women–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 3.1. Household and plantation records, 1768-1929
· Agriculture–North Carolina–History.
· Animal pedigrees–History–19th century.
· Blacksmithing–History–19th century.
· Caldwell County (N.C.)–Social life and customs.
· Crops–North Carolina–History.
· Distilleries–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Education–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Family–North Carolina–Social life and customs.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Horses–North Carolina–Pedigrees–History–19th century.
· Households–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Lenoir family.
· Livestock–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Medical care–North Carolina.
· Medicine–Formulae, receipts, prescriptions–History–19th century.
· Pickens family.
· Plantation owners–North Carolina.
· Plantations–North Carolina.
· Slave records–North Carolina.
· Smoked foods–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Students–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Textile crafts–North Carolina–History–19th century.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 3.2. Legal and business records, 1765-1909; Series 5. Financial and business volumes, 1781-1892
· Account books.
· Agriculture–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Avery, Waightstill, 1741-1821.
· Contracts for work and labor–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Estates (Law)–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Farm tenancy–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Finance, Personal–North Carolina–History.
· Flour mills–North Carolina–History.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Labor productivity–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Land companies–North Carolina–History.
· Lawyers–North Carolina–History.
· Lenoir family.
· Linville Building and Loan Association (Linville, N.C.).
· Linville Improvement Company.
· Livestock–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Lumbering–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Plantations–North Carolina.
· Practice of law–North Carolina–History.
· Railroads–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Real estate business–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Real estate investment–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Roads–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Taxation–North Carolina–History–19th century.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 3.3. Political and election records, 1775-1882; Series 4. Land records, 1763-1897
· Ashe County (N.C.)–History.
· Caldwell County (N.C.)–History.
· Catawba County (N.C.)–History.
· Deeds–North Carolina–History.
· Elections–North Carolina–History.
· Farm tenancy–North Carolina–History.
· Land companies–North Carolina–History.
· Land grants–North Carolina–History.
· Land tenure–North Carolina–History.
· Land titles–North Carolina–History.
· Law–North Carolina–History.
· Lenoir family.
· Linville Improvement Company.
· Moravians–North Carolina–History.
· North Carolina–Politics and goverment–1775-1865.
· North Carolina. Convention (1788).
· Real estate business–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Rousseau and Company (Wilkes County, N.C.).
· Surveying–North Carolina–History.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783–Claims.
· United States–History–Revolution, 1775-1783–Confiscations and contributions.
· Watauga County (N.C.)–History.
· Welborn, James.
· Wilkes County (N.C.)–History.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subject Headings
The following terms from Library of Congress Subject Headings suggest topics, persons, geography, etc. interspersed through the entire collection; the terms do not usually represent discrete and easily identifiable portions of the collection–such as folders or items.
Clicking on a subject heading below will take you into the University Library’s online catalog.
Series 6. Government records, 1776-1888
· Census districts–North Carolina–History.
· Confederate States of America. Army–Records and correspondence.
· Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Regiment, 25th.
· Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Regiment, 37th.
· Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Regiment, 58th.
· Court records–North Carolina–History.
· Fort Defiance (N.C. : Dwelling).
· Law–North Carolina–History.
· Lenoir family.
· North Carolina–Statistics–History.
· North Carolina. Militia–History–Civil War, 1861-1865.
· North Carolina. Militia–History–Revolution, 1775-1783.
· North Carolina. Militia–History–War of 1812.
· Postal service–North Carolina–History–19th century.
· Property tax–North Carolina–History.
· Taxation–North Carolina.
· Wilkes County (N.C.)–History.
· Wilkes County (N.C.)–Law and legislation–History.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Related Collections
· Avery Family of North Carolina Papers (#33)
· Lenoir Family of Tennessee Papers (#2262)
· Johannes Adam Simon Oertel Papers (#4592)
Back to Top
expand/collapse Biographical Information
An overview of Lenoir family history may be gathered from the series descriptions appearing in this inventory. Many sources offer biographical information on particular members of the Lenoir family. These include the Dictionary of American Biography; the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography; and “William Lenoir, 1751-1839” by Richard Alexander Shrader (Ph.D. Dissertation, UNC-CH, 1978).
What appears below is an incomplete outline of the Lenoir family as derived from the collection and other sources. Note that family members tended to name their children after other family members so that first names are repeated over the generations, surnames become first and middle names, and even nick names are repeated from generation to generation.
· Thomas Lenoir (d. 1765) + Mourning Crawley (b. 1709) (of Brunswick County, Va., moved to Tarboro, Edgecombe County, N.C., around 1759)
· Thomas (1741-1816)
· Martha + Richard Gwyn (of Wilksboro, N.C.)
· William (1751-1839) + Ann Ballard (1751-1833) (of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C.)
· William Ballard (1775-1852) + Elizabeth Avery (of Roane County, Tenn.)
· Isaac T.
· Albert S.
· Tommy
· Mira
· William
· Ann (1778-1838) + Edmund Jones
· Thomas (1780-1861) + Selina Louisa Avery (1783-1864) (of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C.)
· William Avery (1808-1862) + Jane K. Derr (d. 1850)
· Selina Louise (Louise) (1813-1836) + Samuel Pickens (of Greensboro, Ala.)
· Laura Leah Carolina + Joseph Caldwell Norwood (1815-1889) (of Hillsborough and Lenoir, N.C.)
· Selina Louisa (Lou/Loule) (1838-1887)
· Laura Lenoir (1840-1916)
· Mary (Mame) (1842-1896) + Edward W. Faucette
· Eliza Alves
· Thomas L.
· James Webb (1847-1920) + Louisa C. Lenoir (of Tennessee)
· James, Jr. (b. 1878)
· Julia Howe (1854-1930)
· Mary Ann (Annie) (1819-1899) + James Gwyn (1812-1888)
· Sarah Lenoir (1841-1894)
· Amelia Selina (1844-1918) + Hamilton Allen Brown
· Julia Pickens (1845-1904) + William A. Lowe
· Mary
· James M. (1850-1913) + Amelia Harper Foster
· Walter Ballard (1853-1911)
· Laura Norwood (1854-1934)
· William A. (1858-1932)
· Annie Joyce + Vardrey McBee
· Catherine Louisa (1863-1919)
· Sarah Jones (Sade, Aunt Sade) (d. 1899) (of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C.)
· Walter Waightstill (Wat) (1823-1890) (of Lenoir, N.C., and Watauga County, N.C.) + Cornelia (Nealy) Isabella Christian (1827-1859)
· Annie Tate (1857-1858)
· Rufus Theodore (1825-1912) + Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn (1833-1913) (of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C.)
· Thomas Ballard (of Fort Defiance, Caldwell County, N.C.)
· Gwyn Hun (1859-1917) + Ocey Coman
· Walter James
· Louisa (Loula) (d. 1877)
· Elizabeth (Bessie) (d. 1877)
· Rufus Theodore, Jr. (1875-1934) + Clyde Lyndon (d. 1935) (of Athens, Ga.)
· Thomas Isaac (Tom) (1817-1882) + Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett (1844-1880) (of East Fork of Pigeon, Haywood County, N.C.)
· Mary (Mame) + J. McDowell Michal
· Laura (Lollie)
· Sarah L. + Robert L. Hickerson
· Walter Raleigh (1786-1843) (of Boone County, Mo.) + Polly Elvira Bouchelle + Sarah Eveline Bouchelle
· Eliza Mira (1789-1835) (Julia A. M. Pickens Howe, ward)
· Martha (Patsy) (1792-1823) + Israel Pickens (1780-1827) (of North Carolina, Washington, D.C., and Georgia)
· Julia A. M. (1815-1898) + Chiliab S. Howe (1809-1875) (of Alabama and Mississippi)
· Sarah Joyce (1796-1820) + Thomas F. Jones (of South Carolina)
· Mary (1772-1859) + Charles Gordon (1750-1799) + William Davenport (1770-1859)
Other more distantly related persons who contributed significantly to the collection include William Bingham (d. 1873) of the Bingham School in Orange County, N.C.; Eliza (Shie) Bingham Penick; and Julia Adelaide Torrey Oertel (d. 1907), who appears to have been related to Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir and was the wife of Johannes Adam Simon Oertel (1823-1909), religious painter and Episcopal clergyman in Lenoir, N.C., during the 1870s.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Scope and Content
Correspondence tends to focus around whichever male members of the Lenoir family are most active at a given time: William Lenoir (1751-1839), William Ballard Lenoir (1775-1852), Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861), William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861), Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890), Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912), and Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882). Wives and other relatives, particularly members of the Avery, Bingham, Norwood, and Pickens families, also heavily contributed to the volume of correspondence, especially when they were active in Lenoir family business.
Note that the numbers for many volumes have been changed; when this is the case, the old volume number is found in parentheses following the volume description.
Back to Top
Contents list
expand/collapse Series Quick Links
1. Correspondence, 1773-1937.
1.1. 1773-1839.
1.2. 1840-1860.
1.3. 1861-1865.
1.4. 1866-1890.
1.5. 1891-1937.
1.5. Undated.
2. Diaries and Other Writings, 1770-1940 and undated.
2.1. Diaries, 1776-1863, 1940.
2.2. Speeches, Writings, and Notes, 1770-1910 and undated.
2.2.1. William Lenoir’s Speeches, Writings, and Notes, 1775-1836 and undated.
2.2.2. Other Writings, 1770-1910 and undated.
2.2.3. Volumes of Writings, 1840-1848.
2.3. Clippings and Printed Material, 1793-1936 and undated.
2.3.1. Clippings, 1794-1907 and undated.
2.3.2. Printed Materials, 1793-1936 and undated.
3. Plantation and Family Records, 1765-1929 and undated.
3.1. Household and Plantation Records, 1768-1929 and undated.
3.1.1. Household and Plantation Financial and Legal Papers, 1771-1929 and undated.
3.1.2. Household and Plantation Notes and Memoranda, 1773-1894 and undated.
3.1.3. Household Records, 1834-1892.
3.1.4. Plantation Records, 1785-1899.
3.1.5. Livestock Records and Stud Books, 1773-1889 and undated.
3.1.5.1. Livestock Records, 1773-1889 and undated.
3.1.5.2. Stud Books, 1788-1810.
3.1.6. Blacksmith Records, 1792-1877 and undated.
3.1.6.1. Blacksmith Records, 1792-1877.
3.1.6.2. Blacksmith Account Books, 1794-1819.
3.1.7. Medical Records, 1795-1890 and undated.
3.1.7.1. Medical Cures and Recipes, 1795-1879 and undated.
3.1.7.2. Medical Bills and Receipts, 1823-1890 and undated.
3.1.7.3. Books of Medical Cures, 1797-1837.
3.1.8. School Records, 1768-1901 and undated.
3.1.8.1. School Bills and Receipts, 1793-1901 and undated.
3.1.8.2. Report Cards and Evaluations, 1830-1892.
3.1.8.3. University of North Carolina and Other College Material, 1789-1883.
3.1.8.4. School Notebooks, 1768-1835 and undated.
3.2. Legal and Business Records, 1765-1909 and undated.
3.2.1. Waightstill Avery Legal Papers, 1795-1830 and undated.
3.2.2. Notes on Lawsuits, 1850s-1880s.
3.2.3. Estate Papers, 1765-1903.
3.2.4. Other Legal and Business Records, 1773-1899 and undated.
3.2.4.1. Legal and Business Papers, 1773-1899 and undated.
3.2.4.2. Memoranda of Legal Cases in Burke County, 1804, 1809-1811.
3.2.5. Promissory Notes and Memoranda of Notes, 1781-1892.
3.2.5.1. Promissory Notes, 1781-1892.
3.2.5.2. Memoranda of Notes, 1783-1846.
3.2.6. Lenoir Family Tax Records, 1780-1898.
3.2.6.1. Tax Records, 1780-1898.
3.2.6.2. Assessment of William Avery Lenoir’s Land, 1860-1882.
3.2.7. Bank Statements, 1841-1909.
3.2.8. Linville Improvement Company Papers, 1850-1895 and undated.
3.2.9. Work Records, 1823, 1868-1890.
3.2.9.1. Linville Improvement Company Work Records, 1872-1889.
3.2.9.2. Grist and Lumber Mill Work Records, 1874-1889.
3.2.9.3. Other Work Records, 1868-1890.
3.2.9.4. Work Records, Notes, and Memoranda, 1823, 1870-1889.
3.2.10. Grist and Lumber Mill Account Books, 1874-1887.
3.2.11. Grist and Lumber Mill Papers, 1868-1900 and undated.
3.3. Political and Election Records, 1775-1882 and undated.
3.3.1. Political Papers, 1775-1815 and undated.
3.3.2. Political Volumes, 1788-1841.
3.3.3. Election Papers, 1825-1836.
3.3.4. Election Book, 1880-1882.
3.3.5. County Records, 1792-1882 and undated.
3.3.5.1. County Papers, 1792-1882 and undated.
3.3.5.2. Mecklenburg List, 1846.
4. Land Records, 1763-1897 and undated.
4.1. Moravian Lands Court Case Records, 1763, 1772-1832 and undated.
4.1.1. Moravian Lands Court Case Papers, 1763, 1772-1832 and undated.
4.1.2. Moravian Lands Court Case Books, 1799-1811.
4.2. Rousseau and Company Court Case Records, 1791-1830 and undated.
4.2.1. Rousseau and Company Court Case Papers, 1791-1830 and undated.
4.2.2. Rousseau and Company Volumes, 1794-1802.
4.3. Land Disputes Court Cases, 1795-1888.
4.4. Land Legal Documents, Surveys, and Memoranda, 1763-1897 and undated.
4.4.1. Grants, Deeds, and Indentures, 1763-1893 and undated.
4.4.2. Land Grant Books, 1778-1800.
4.4.3. Surveys, Maps, and Memoranda, 1773-1893 and undated.
4.4.4. Surveyor Field Notebooks, 1795-1892.
4.4.5. Labor and Leasing Agreements, 1774-1890.
4.4.6. Land Purchases and Sales Records, 1779-1897 and undated.
4.4.6.1. Receipts for Land Purchases and Registration, 1779-1895 and undated.
4.4.6.2. Land Sales and Valuation Books, 1880-1897.
5. Financial and Business Volumes, 1781-1892.
5.1. Memorandum Books, 1782-1888.
5.1.1. William Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1782-1839.
5.1.2. Walter Raleigh Lenoir Memorandum Book, 1809.
5.1.3. Thomas Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1804-1849.
5.1.4. William Avery Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1836-1861.
5.1.5. Thomas Isaac Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1842-1868.
5.1.6. Walter Waightstill Lenoir Memorandum Books, circa 1885-1888.
5.2. Day Books, 1802-1865.
5.3. Account Books, 1781-1892.
6. Government Records, 1776-1888 and undated.
6.1. Tax Records, 1777-1831 and undated.
6.1.1. Tax Papers, 1777-1831 and undated.
6.1.2. Tax Volumes, 1783-1799.
6.2. Census Records, 1777-1840.
6.2.1. Census Papers, 1777-1840.
6.2.2. Census Volumes, 1840.
6.3. Military Records, 1776-1888 and undated.
6.3.1. Military Papers, 1776-1888 and undated.
6.3.2. Military Volumes, 1779-1865.
6.4. Postal Records, 1822-1880.
6.4.1. Postal Papers, 1822-1880.
6.4.2. Postal Accounts, 1841-1861.
6.4.3. Postal Book, 1839-1859.
6.5. Court Records, 1785-1834 and undated.
6.5.1. Clerk of Court Papers, 1785-1834 and undated.
6.5.2. Court Volumes, 1791-1813.
7. Compiled Material, 1969-1975.
8. Pictures, 1860s-1900 and undated.
expand/collapse Series 1. Correspondence, 1773-1937.
About 6,500 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
expand/collapse Subseries 1.1. 1773-1839.
About 1,300 items.
Correspondence in this period revolves chiefly around Colonel Thomas Lenoir (1741-1816), his brother General William Lenoir (1751-1839) of Fort Defiance, N.C., William’s wife Ann Ballard (1751-1833), and William and Ann’s children. Among these children, materials relate chiefly to William Ballard (1775-1852) and his wife Elizabeth Avery (1781-1855) of Roane County, Tenn.; Ann (1778-1838) and her husband General Edmund Jones (1771-1855); Thomas (1780-1861) and his wife Selina Louisa Avery (1783-1864), who first lived in Asheville, but later took charge of Fort Defiance, and their children; Walter Raleigh (1786-1843) and his first wife Polly Elvira Bouchelle (1795-1818) and second wife Sarah Eveline Bouchelle (1798-1877), who settled in Boone County, Mo.; Eliza Mira (1789-1835), who remained at Fort Defiance, and her niece and ward Julia A. M. Pickens (1815-1898), who married Chiliab Howe (1809-1875) and lived in Alabama and Mississippi.
Another daughter was Martha (Patsy) Orilla (1792-1823), mother of Julia Pickens and wife of Israel Pickens (1780-1827). Israel Pickens’s correspondence from Washington, D.C., when he was a member of Congress from North Carolina, 1811-1817, and later from Greene County, Ala., where he was elected governor of Alabama in 1821, figures prominently in this series. There are also occasional letters from another daughter, Sarah Joyce (1796-1820), who married Judge Thomas F. Jones and settled in South Carolina.
Towards the end of this period, there is correspondence of Thomas and Selina’s children: William Avery (1808-1861), who married Jane K. Derr (d. 1850); Selina Louise (1813-1836), who married Samuel Pickens and settled in Greensboro, Ala.; Laura Leah Carolina, who married Joseph Caldwell Norwood (1815-1889) and lived in Hillsborough, N.C.; Mary Ann (Annie) (1819-1899), who married James Gwyn (1812-1888); Sarah (Sade) Jones (d. 1899), who lived at Fort Defiance; Walter Waightstill (Wat) (1823-1890), who married Cornelia Isabella Christian (1827-1859) and lived in Lenoir, N.C.; Thomas Isaac (Tom) (1817-1882), who married Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett (1844-1880) and lived at East Fork of Pigeon, his father’s property at the east fork of the Pigeon River in Haywood County, N.C.; and Rufus Theodore (1825-1912), who married Richard Gwyn’s daughter Sarah Leonora (Sallie) (1833-1913) and lived at Fort Defiance. Richard Gwyn was the husband of Colonel Thomas Lenoir’s daughter Martha. To a lesser degree, there is also correspondence of William Ballard and Elizabeth’s children: Isaac T.; Albert S.; Tommy; and Mira A. There is also correspondence of members of the related Avery, Norwood, and Pickens families.
Letters relating to politics begin in the 1790s and are chiefly from or to William Lenoir at Fort Defiance. Many of the letters relate to local and state politics. These include:
–a letter of 26 November 1791 from William Norwood to William Lenoir about politics and lawyering;
–letters of 1 February and 5 June 1802 to William Lenoir about lottery ticket sales in support of the University of North Carolina;
–a letter of 22 December 1804 from W. Winston to William Lenoir about a trouble along the North Carolina-Georgia border;
–letters of 5 August 1806, 2 July 1809, and 17 September 1815 to William Lenoir from brother Thomas about the latter’s chances in local elections;
–letters of 29 April, 22 May, and 9 October 1812 about William Lenoir’s raising troops for a local militia unit under orders from Governor William Hawkins and William Lenoir’s resignation as Major General in the militia;
–a letter of 16 February 1820 to William Lenoir’s nephew Thomas informing him of his selection as commissioner to lay out a road in Haywood County;
–letters of 12 and 27 November 1824 relating to William Lenoir’s name being mentioned as candidate for governor and his rejection of the idea;
–a 27 November 1824 letter of William Lenoir to John Stanley, member of the General Assembly in Raleigh, about William Lenoir’s opposition to the location of the Wilkes Court House and to its “elegant” design; Letters of 14 March 1825, 18 June 1833, and 10 August 1834, and 8 August 1837 about Revolutionary War pensions from the state;
–occasional letters, beginning in 1822, from Samuel F. Patterson in Raleigh to Walter Raleigh Lenoir about state politics.
There are also many letters about national politics. These include:
–a letter of 22 December 1794 from Joseph McDowell of Philadelphia to William Lenoir on the Jay and Pinckney treaties;
–a letter of 4 February 1894 from Senator Alexander Martin in Philadelphia to William Lenoir about trade with France and problems with Algerian pirates;
–letters from Jesse Franklin in Philadelphia to William Lenoir including the following: 5 April 1796 about Ohio land sales; 25 December 1801 about Jefferson and the war in the Bay of Tripoli; 4 November 1803 and 29 January 1804 about the Louisiana Purchase and the exclusion of slaves from foreign countries there; and 20 June 1812 about the declaration of war against Great Britain;
–letters of 28 March and 20 April 1800 from General Joseph Dickson in Philadelphia to William Lenoir about Napoleon and Dickson’s belief that Adams will defeat Jefferson, and 27 January and 24 February 1801 about Burr and Jefferson being equals in the presidential race;
–letter of 5 January 1807 from Joseph Winston in Washington, D.C., to William Lenoir about the Burr conspiracy; ¢a letter of 24 February 1808 from Washington Norwood in Granville County, N.C., to William Lenoir about becoming involved in the European war;
–many letters, beginning in April 1812, from Israel Pickens to William Lenoir about his activities as a member of Congress with particular emphasis on the War of 1812; about life in Washington, D.C., 1812-1817; and from Pickens after 1817 where he served as governor, 1821-1825, including one, dated 18 April 1825, in which Pickens described Lafayette’s tour through Alabama;
–fairly frequent letters, beginning in March 1819, from Lewis Williams (1782-1842), North Carolina congressman from 1814 to his death, to William Lenoir about their mutual dislike for Andrew Jackson, whom both considered power hungry and ungracious; international issues, especially tariffs; banking, including a letter of 12 January 1832 on the destruction of the Second Bank of the United States;
–a few letters from William Lenoir on politics, including a letter of 16 February 1824 to William Ballard Lenoir in which he expressed support for Crawford over Calhoun and Jackson; letters in 1832 about why William Lenoir supported Clay over Jackson; letters of 10 and 17 December 1832, 16 February 1836, 30 May 1837, and 3 January 1838, in which he wrote against nullification and for slavery; letters attacking Jackson, including a letter of 2 April 1833, in which he wrote, “I find that many of the deluded wise men of the nation have now formed the opinion that I publicly expressed before General Jackson’s first election. To wit that he was the most dangerous man in the nation for a president. Between him and the Nullifiers which (Heaven be thank’d) are opposed to each other but possessed of the same spirit of pride avarice and aspiration, the best Government in the world seems to totter”; and many letters, including those of 18 June 1836 and 4 June 1838 lamenting corruption and big spending in government;
–a letter of 15 July 1828 from Tobias Watkins in Washington, D.C., to Lewis Williams and forwarded to William Lenoir, in which Watkins repeated the rumor that Andrew Jackson was the illegitimate offspring of Fanny Jennings, a “mulato quadroon” of Iredell County, N.C.;
–several letters relating to the removal of Native Americans, including one of 14 January 1830 from Lewis Williams and another of 28 July 1838, in which William Ballard Lenoir wrote, “They [the Cherokee] are quite peaceably disposed and many of them submit to their fate tolerably cheerfully.”
Business letters relate chiefly to plantation management, land speculation, and William Lenoir’s unsuccessful attempt to retain lands originally belonging to Moravians.
Plantation correspondence begins in 1791 with letters about bringing supplies to Fort Defiance and selling crops and livestock produced there. Many of the letters between William Lenoir and his sons are related to plantation management. A letter of 7 December 1809 discusses collecting rents on Lenoir property, and several, including a letter of 10 March 1813, outline problems with overseers of distant property. Among letters relating to managing slaves are those of 21 March 1809, in which Thomas Lenoir asked that brother Walter Raleigh Lenoir look for a “young wench that he thinks would suit me”; of 2 February, 28 March, and 19 May 1811, in which Thomas and William Lenoir discussed buying and selling slaves and how the price for slaves had recently escalated; and of 11 September 1835, which shows that Walter Raleigh Lenoir had slaves on his Missouri property. Letters of 13 April 1806, 28 March 1837, 23 December 1839, and 10 January 1840 show that the Lenoirs were somewhat sensitive about buying and selling slaves. In the 1837 letter, Thomas Lenoir explained to William Avery Lenoir, who had just sold his own slaves in Alabama and wondered what to do with those of Thomas who were in his care, that William was to ask the slaves whether or not they wanted to be sold. The 1839 and 1840 letters between William Ballard Lenoir in Tennessee and L. G. Jones in North Carolina are about how to avoid breaking up a slave family.
Land-speculation correspondence begins about 1796 and includes letters relating to land in Tennessee, North Carolina, and other states. Some of the letters, such as one from Isaac T. Avery in Morganton to Thomas Lenoir on 15 May 1829, have to do with gold speculation.
Correspondence relating to the Moravian land case begins on 23 July 1809 and continues through at least 1833. Included are a few letters in 1831 from Joseph Cossart in Ireland and James Stuart, Cossart’s agent in Pittsburgh.
Family materials in the early years include many letters about family matters to William Lenoir from his brother Thomas Lenoir, but quickly expand to include letters to William Lenoir from his sons, chiefly William Ballard Lenoir and Thomas Lenoir, and among the women of the family. Letters relate chiefly to family activities in general, including documentation of the peregrinations of several family members in search of better land, business opportunities, or living conditions. There are also many letters in which family members indulge in long lists of their own activities and those of children or other relatives and some in which family members outline their feelings about life or other family members. General family letters include:
–a letter of 1 February 1795 from William Ballard Lenoir to William Lenoir asking help in financing continuing education; ¢a letter of 31 October 1801 from Walter Raleigh Lenoir to his father about hating school, and one of 7 February 1806 indicating that Walter was being sent home from school;
–letters of 22 November 1801 and 4 December 1802 relating to Waightstill Avery’s being crippled and in process of settling his affairs;
–letters beginning 16 September 1806 from son Thomas Lenoir in Morganton, N.C., to William Lenoir about Thomas’s dissatisfaction with life at East Fork of Pigeon and continuing until Thomas moved his family to Fort Defiance around 1822; ¢a letter of 29 September 1807, from Mary Lenoir Davenport in Red Hill, N.C., to Thomas Lenoir’s wife Selina about Mary’s losing a child in a fire;
–many letters, beginning on 29 June 1810, from William Ballard Lenoir to father William Lenoir or brother Thomas Lenoir about life in Roane County, Tenn.;
–a letter of 4 November 1813 from Israel Pickens to William Lenoir asking for Martha (Patsy)’s hand;
–a letter of 25 February 1817 from nephew Thomas Isaac Lenoir in Sumter District, S.C., to William Lenoir about the death of William’s brother Thomas Lenoir;
–letters in May and July 1817 from William Lenoir’s daughter Sarah Lenoir Jones in South Carolina to sister Eliza Mira Lenoir about her life with Thomas F. Jones, and one of 9 May 1820 in which Thomas Jones wrote of Sarah’s death; ¢a letter of 4 June 1819 in which William Ballard Lenoir instructed his son Albert at Greenville College, Tenn., about how to act in college;
–a letter of 29 March 1821 from Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s brother Isaac T. Avery of Swanns Pond, N.C., the Avery homestead, to William Ballard Lenoir about the death of Waightstill Avery;
–a letter of 23 August 1824 from Israel Pickens to Thomas Lenoir about the education of Israel’s daughter Julia;
–a letter of 21 February 1826 in which James H. Norwood in Hillsborough, N.C., comments to Eliza Mira Lenoir on her unmarried state;
–letters, beginning in August 1829, from Selina Louise, Laura, Sarah, and Walter Waightstill Lenoir, and from Julia Pickens at school in Salem or Hillsborough, N.C., to Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir and other relatives about school life;
–a letter of 1 September 1829 in which Walter Raleigh Lenoir complained to William Lenoir about the large number of slaves in Wilkes County, N.C.: “[It is] infested with Slaves, … which I conceive to be one of the greatest curses belonging to our Country. Under these considerations and many others I believe it would be advisable to me to visit some other region and see if I can’t settle myself more satisfactory than I could in Wilkes. A non Slave holding state I would prefer” (although a letter of 11 September 1835 makes it clear that Walter held slaves in Missouri);
–letters, beginning around February 1835, from Sarah Eveline Lenoir with Walter Raleigh Lenoir in Missouri about life in that state;
–letters in late 1835 showing that Thomas and William Lenoir were having difficulty coexisting at Fort Defiance;
–a letter of 20 June 1837 in which Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir gave an overview of the Avery family;
–a letter of 6 February 1838 in which Thomas Lenoir gave a summary of activities at Fort Defiance;
–a letter of 13 May 1839 from Thomas Lenoir to William Ballard Lenoir informing William of the death of their father, and one of 21 March 1840 from William Avery Lenoir in Greene County, Ala., in which he lamented the fighting among family members over the division of William Lenoir’s property.
There are also several letters–24 July 1823; 6 February 1824; 18 February, 28 March, 25 June, 14 November 1834; 8 and 28 May, 6 June 1835; 17 December 1836; 4 July 1837; 11 April 1839–that contain reminiscences of William Lenoir’s exploits at the Battle of King’s Mountain.
For an exhaustive look at an individual’s correspondence, researchers are advised to see the description of Subseries 1.6, Undated Correspondence, which contains letters relating to: Eliza Mira Lenoir (1789-1835); Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir (1844-1880); Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912); Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir (d. 1899); Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir (1833-1913); Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir (1783-1864); Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882); Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861); Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890); William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861); William Lenoir (1751-1839); and miscellaneous Bingham, Gwyn, Lenoir, Norwood, Oertel, and other family members.
Folder 1
1773-1780
Folder 2
1782-1790
Folder 3
1791
Folder 4
1792
Folder 5
1793-1794
Folder 6
1795
Folder 7-8
1796
Folder 9
1797-1800
Folder 10
1801
Folder 11
1802-1803
Oversize Paper Folder OPF-426/1
Lottery Ticket, 1 February 1802
Folder 12
1804-1805
Folder 13
1806-1808
Folder 14
1809
Folder 15
1810
Folder 16
1811
Folder 17
1812
Folder 18
1813
Folder 19-20
1814
Folder 21-22
1815
Folder 23-24
1816
Folder 25
1817
Folder 26-27
1818
Folder 28-29
1819
Folder 30
1820
Folder 31-33
1821
Folder 34
1822
Folder 35-36
1823
Folder 37-38
1824
Folder 39-40
1825
Folder 41-42
1826
Folder 43
1827
Folder 44-48
1828
Folder 49-50
1829
Folder 51-52
1830
Folder 53-54
1831
Folder 55-56
1832
Folder 57-58
1833
Folder 59-60
1834
Folder 61-63
1835
Folder 64-67
1836
Folder 68-71
1837
Folder 72-74
1838
Folder 75-77
1839
Digital version: Letter from Thomas I. Lenoir to Thomas Lenoir, 30 May 1839

Documenting the American South
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 1.2. 1840-1860.
About 2,050 items.
Much correspondence in this period relates to the children of William and Ann Ballard Lenoir, especially William Ballard (1775-1852) and his wife Elizabeth Avery (1781-1855) in Roane County, Tenn.; Ann’s husband General Edmund Jones (1771-1855); Thomas (1780-1861) and his wife Selina Louisa Avery (1783-1864), who took charge of Fort Defiance at William Lenoir’s death; Walter Raleigh (1786-1843) and his wife Sarah Eveline Bouchelle (1798-1877) in Boone County, Mo.; Eliza Mira (1789-1835) at Fort Defiance, and her niece and ward Julia A. M. Pickens Howe (1815-1898) of Alabama and Mississippi. The greater portion of the correspondence, especially after 1849, relates to the children of Thomas and Selina: William Avery (1808-1861) and his wife Jane K. Derr (d. 1850); Selina Louise (1813-1836) and her husband Samuel Pickens of in Greensborough, Ala.; Laura Leah Carolina and her husband Joseph Caldwell Norwood (1815-1889) of Hillsborough, N.C.; Mary Ann (Annie) (1819-1899) and her husband James Gwyn (1812-1888); Sarah (Sade) Jones (d. 1899) of Fort Defiance; Walter Waightstill (Wat) (1823-1890), a lawyer in Lenoir, N.C., and his wife Cornelia Isabella Christian (1827-1859); Thomas Isaac (Tom) (1817-1882) and his wife Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett (1844-1880) of the family plantation at East Fork of Pigeon, Haywood County, N.C.; and Rufus Theodore (1825-1912) and his wife Sarah Leonora (Sallie) (1833-1913) of Fort Defiance. There is also some correspondence of other Lenoir family members and of members of the related Avery, Bingham, Norwood, and Pickens families.
After the death of William Lenoir, the volume of letters relating to politics greatly decreases. In this period, most of the political letters are to or from William Avery Lenoir, who was active in Whig politics in Alabama, or Joseph Caldwell Norwood (1815-1889) of Hillsborough, N.C., Laura Leah Carolina Lenoir’s husband. Some of William Ballard Lenoir’s letters to his brother Thomas also contain political musings. These include:
–a letter of 4 April 1840 to William Avery Lenoir in Greensborough, Ala., about the maliciousness of Van Buren’s talk against Harrison;
–letters of 14 August 1840 and 15 March and 21 June 1841 to William Avery Lenoir from Joseph Caldwell Norwood about Whigs in North Carolina;
–letters, beginning in February 1841, about Thomas Isaac Lenoir’s seeking the Superior Court clerkship in Caldwell County; ¢a letter of 12 July 1843 from William Ballard Lenoir in Tennessee to brother Thomas about politics and William’s son’s campaign as a Whig candidate for Congress;
–a letter of 1 May 1844 from Walter Waightstill Lenoir to his mother about taking brother Rufus to see Henry Clay in Raleigh;
–a letter of 12 July 1844 from Laura Norwood to her father Thomas Lenoir about the possible division of Orange County, N.C.;
–a letter of 28 April 1845 from William Avery Lenoir in Greensborough, Ala., about the emancipation of slaves in the West Indies being more closely related to economics than humanitarian feelings;
–many letters, beginning in May 1848, relating to the politics of internal improvements, especially roads and railroads;
–letters, beginning in the late 1840s, from S. F. Patterson in Raleigh to William Avery Lenoir about North Carolina politics;
–a letter of 5 January 1860 from James Webb Norwood about a secession meeting in Lenoir.
Business letters relate to plantation management, land speculation, and various other business ventures in which Lenoir family members and their relatives were involved. Much of this correspondence is between Thomas Lenoir at Fort Defiance and his son Thomas Isaac Lenoir at the East Fork of Pigeon plantation. Included are:
–a letter of 5 July 1842 from Joseph Caldwell Norwood about closing Mickle & Norwood, a merchant concern in Hillsborough, because of hard times;
–letters, August to October 1843, from Thomas Isaac and Walter Waightstill Lenoir traveling to New York on plantation business;
–a letter of 3 April 1844 to North Carolina Governor Morehead from William Avery Lenoir on building a female academy at Lenoir;
–a letter of 17 February 1847 from William Ballard Lenoir about how slaves prices had skyrocketed;
–a letter of 20 August 1847 from Thomas Isaac Lenoir reporting on the state of the East Fork of Pigeon plantation, including a discussion of the activities of individual slaves; a letter of 18 November 1851 in which Thomas Isaac Lenoir responded to his father’s sending him three slaves by saying, “To me it is gratifying to know that you are willing to trust me with that much property”; and a letter of 24 February 1852 in which Thomas Lenoir discussed a slave sale with Thomas Isaac Lenoir;
–many letters, beginning around 1848, on road and railroad building and how those activities influenced business in the areas they served;
–a letter of 13 December 1852 from William Bouchelle in Columbia, Mo., to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about setting up the University of Missouri and two female schools;
–correspondence in 1858 and 1859 between William Avery Lenoir and Joseph Caldwell Norwood about land sales;
–a letter of 1 March 1860 from Laura Norwood to her uncle Walter Waightstill Lenoir about how much she loved teaching;
–letters in October and November 1860 from Walter Waightstill Lenoir about how much he enjoyed visiting Minnesota because of the liberal attitude he found there towards road construction and other internal improvements.
Family letters include:
–letters in the 1840s from Rufus Lenoir at the Bingham school in Hillsborough and Walter Waightstill Lenoir in Chapel Hill at the University of North Carolina, including some in 1842 about Walter’s wanting to leave school;
–many letters to and from Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir at Fort Defiance about routine family affairs;
–a letter of 15 November 1843 on the death of Walter Raleigh Lenoir;
–letters, beginning around July 1844, from Julia Pickens Howe, who had recently moved from Alabama to Mississippi;
–letters, beginning around 1844, from James Norwood, a teacher in Hillsborough;
–a letter of 22 January 1856, from Walter Waightstill Lenoir about studying law;
–letters in 1844 and 1845 from Laura Norwood to various relatives about family activities;
–letters in 1847 from James Gwyn studying at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia;
–many letters, beginning in the early 1850s, from Walter Waightstill Lenoir, practicing law in Lenoir;
–letters in 1849 from Jane and William Avery Lenoir from Warm Springs and Catawba Springs where they had gone for Jane’s health, and a letter in August 1850 about Jane’s death;
–a letter of 6 November 1852 from William Ballard Lenoir about his ill health and another of 12 December 1852 about his death;
–letters, beginning around 1855, from William Bingham, then at school in Chapel Hill and later a schoolmaster with his father at the W. J. Bingham & Sons Select School in Orange County, chiefly to cousin Walter Waightstill Lenoir, with whom he was great friends, or to Sarah Jones Lenoir, whom he called Aunt Sade;
–letters, beginning in the mid-1850s, from Rufus Lenoir, permanently settled at Fort Defiance;
–many letters, beginning in early 1856, between Walter Waightstill Lenoir and Cornelia (Nealy) Isabella Christian, before and after their June 1856 marriage; letters, beginning in April 1857, about Nealy’s ill health; letters in 1858 about the birth and death of their daughter Anna Tate Lenoir and about trips made by Nealy to springs in Virginia and North Carolina for her health; and a few letters in 1859 about Nealy’s death on 7 February of that year.
For an exhaustive look at an individual’s correspondence, researchers are advised to see the description of Subseries 1.6, Undated Correspondence, which contains letters relating to: Eliza Mira Lenoir (1789-1835); Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir (1844-1880); Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912); Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir (d. 1899); Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir (1833-1913); Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir (1783-1864); Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882); Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861); Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890); William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861); William Lenoir (1751-1839); and miscellaneous Bingham, Gwyn, Lenoir, Norwood, Oertel, and other family members.
Folder 78-80
1840
Folder 81-83
1841
Folder 84-85
1842
Folder 86-89
1843
Folder 90-92
1844
Folder 93-95
1845
Folder 96-98
1846
Folder 99-100
1847
Folder 101-103
1848
Folder 104-105
1849
Folder 106-107
1850
Folder 108-109
1851
Folder 110-111
1852
Folder 112-113
1853
Folder 114-117
1854
Folder 118-120
1855
Folder 121-127
1856
Folder 128-131
1857
Folder 132-135
1858
Folder 136-138
1859
Folder 139-142
1860
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 1.3. 1861-1865.
About 500 items.
There are a few letters relating to politics during this period; as might be expected, those that exist relate to the Civil War. In business and family correspondence, however, there is a notable lack, with some exceptions, of comment on the war and its home-front repercussions. In this period, Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir, Rufus Theodore Lenoir, and his wife Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir lived at Fort Defiance; Thomas Isaac Lenoir and his wife Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir lived at East Fork of Pigeon; and Walter Waightstill Lenoir began practicing law in Lenoir, N.C., and ended living alone in a cabin in the woods at Crab Orchard in Caldwell or Watauga County, N.C.
Letters with a particularly political or Civil War slant include the following:
–letters of 3 January and 10 and 15 April 1861 that comment on secession and the attack on Fort Sumter;
–a letter of 25 June 1861 in which William Ballard Lenoir in Roane County, Tenn., advised a cousin that his cotton factory could get along without Yankee business for a year or two;
–letters, beginning with one of 2 July 1861, from Thomas Isaac Lenoir to Walter Waightstill Lenoir and others about raising a volunteer company, and, beginning in September 1861, to his wife, parents, and brothers from Thomas at various army camps, chiefly about military life and battles;
–a letter of 3 August 1861 from N. H. Gwyn to cousin Rufus Theodore Lenoir from Manassas Junction, Va., about the battle there;
–letters, beginning with one of 5 January 1862, from Walter Waightstill Lenoir, chiefly to his mother and brothers from various locations in the field until September 1862, when Walter was injured at Manassas and treated at the home of a friend in Middleburg, Va., where his right leg was amputated below the knee. Walter was home by late 1862, and, on 12 January 1863, wrote to brother Thomas about having a wooden leg made and attending the county court;
–letters, beginning in June 1863, from Thomas L. Norwood from the field to various relatives about military life;
–a letter of 23 July 1863 from Walter Waightstill Lenoir to a brother about his fear slaves will be armed and freed by the advancing Northern soldiers: “If the Yankees are strong enough to put down our fierce and strong fight for independence, they will be strong enough to govern the negroes”;
–a letter of 5 February 1865 from Zebulon Baird Vance to Walter Waightstill Lenoir in which Vance wrote: “… pray God to strengthen our people for the cruel and unequal contest”;
–letters in April 1865 containing descriptions of Stoneman’s descent into Yadkin Valley;
–a letter of 30 December 1865 in which Walter Waightstill Lenoir resigned the position of Councillor of State to which he had been elected against his will.
Business letters include the 25 June 1861 William Ballard Lenoir letter mentioned above about his cotton factory; infrequent reports from overseers, particularly at East Fork of Pigeon, and comments on planting, particularly from Rufus Theodore Lenoir at Fort Defiance; a letter of 4 March 1863 in which Thomas L. Norwood wrote to uncle Walter Waightstill Lenoir about how uncomfortable Thomas was with the idea of being a teacher like others in his family; and a letter of 20 March 1863 relating to the sale of a slave and the seller’s refusal to accept Confederate money.
Besides family letters relating chiefly to Civil War activities of family members, there are also:
–letters in April and May 1861 relating to the deaths of William Avery Lenoir and Thomas Lenoir and ones in September 1864 relating to the death of Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir;
–many letters to and from Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Lenoir, wife of Thomas Isaac Lenoir, at East Fork of Pigeon;
–a letter of 19 August 1861 from Thomas L. Norwood to Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir about how much he liked being a student at the University of North Carolina;
–many letters, beginning around April 1863, relating to Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s preference for living alone in various rustic cabins.
For an exhaustive look at an individual’s correspondence, researchers are advised to see the description of Subseries 1.6, Undated Correspondence, which contains letters relating to: Eliza Mira Lenoir (1789-1835); Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir (1844-1880); Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912); Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir (d. 1899); Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir (1833-1913); Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir (1783-1864); Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882); Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861); Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890); William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861); William Lenoir (1751-1839); and miscellaneous Bingham, Gwyn, Lenoir, Norwood, Oertel, and other family members.
Folder 143-146
1861
Folder 147-150
1862
Folder 151-153
1863
Folder 154-155
1864
Folder 156-157
1865
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 1.4. 1866-1890.
About 1,050 items.
Although family members remained active in the political arena, with Walter Waightstill Lenoir serving in the North Carolina General Assembly, 1883-1884, most of correspondence from this period relates to business and family matters.
Politics looms large in the following:
–letters in early 1866 among friends and relatives that mention their feelings towards freedmen;
–a letter of 2 January 1866 from Walter Waightstill Lenoir to sister Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir about the superiority of the southern females over women in the North;
–a few letters in 1866 and infrequently until his death in 1873 from William Bingham of the Bingham School to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about politics in general;
–letters around 1874 from Thomas Isaac Lenoir to various family members, some of which have references to local politics;
–a letter of 5 February 1878 from Senator M. W. Ransom to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about the currency question and one from Ransom of 6 January 1881 about politics in Raleigh;
–a letter of 26 April 1875 of nephew William Ballard Lenoir, a lawyer in Asheville, N.C., to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about the African-American exodus northward;
–letters of 24 February 1880 and 13 February 1886 from Zebulon Baird Vance to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about Democratic politics;
–a few letters in 1883, especially one of 1 February, relating to Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s service in the North Carolina General Assembly (there are no letters relating to his campaign for office).
Business letters relate chiefly to the dealings, beginning around 1867, of Walter Waightstill Lenoir in land development, especially relating to land around Linville, N.C.; specie speculation; silver mining; and agriculture. Most of his dealings were done in conjunction with one or more of his brothers or other relatives. There are also letters from relatives in other parts of the country about their business ventures. These include:
–letters of 19 and 21 December 1867 and 29 March 1868 from Sam Christian in Bandera, Tex., to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about the business climate in Texas;
–frequent letters from Tennessee family members, including James W. Norwood, involved in the land, factories, and mills;
–a letter of 23 February 1875 from Walter B. Gwyn at the University of Virginia to Walter Waightstill about steam engines;
–a letter of 11 February 1879 from Walter Waightstill Lenoir to a brother about hard times and his trying to “… make a few scratches towards preparing my land for nephews and nieces who will now have it in the wild state that I will leave it when I die. The fault will be in them, not the land. But our government so burdens us with debt and made extravagance that it is no longer easy to live by farming, & I don’t wonder that so few of the rising generation of educated people have the heroism to try it”;
–many letters in the 1880s from Walter B. Gwyn, lawyer and land agent in Asheville, to Walter Waightstill Lenoir about the business Gwyn handled for his uncle;
–infrequent letters throughout this period from Thomas L. Norwood, still a teacher at Bingham’s School;
–letters in late 1890 showing that Thomas Ballard Lenoir quickly became a prime mover in the Linville Land, Mfg. and Mining Company, both as executor of Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s estate and on his own behalf.
Family correspondence accounts for most of the letters in this period. Letters are to and from the Lenoir brothers, Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir, Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir, Laura Norwood, Thomas L. Norwood, and others. Included are:
–letters of February 1867 and 21 June 1869 from Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir to her husband Thomas Isaac Lenoir about what appears to be an eating disorder that plagued her, and one from Thomas to a pregnant Lizzie at Montvale Spring, N.C., on 24 July 1869, in which he wrote: “I … can’t help feeling that you are sick, but try to hope that you are getting fat–regaining your self control, forming plans for future usefulness, denying yourself momentary enjoyment, that you may recover health & strength & be happy in making others so”;
–a letter of 14 December 1869 describing the death of Thomas Isaac and Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir’s baby;
–a letter of 14 December 1869 in which Laura Norwood mentions artist and Episcopal clergyman Johannes Adam Simon Oertel and letters, beginning in September 1877, from Julia Adelaide Torrey Oertel, chiefly to Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir;
–a letter of 24 February 1873 about the death of William Bingham;
–letters in 1875 and 1876 relating to the difficulties Thomas Ballard Lenoir was having at Bingham’s School and, in 1879-1880, about his life as a student at the University of North Carolina;
–letters, around September 1877 mourning the deaths of Rufus Theodore and Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir’s daughters Louisa (Loula) and Elizabeth (Bessie);
–letters, beginning around June 1878, from Thomas L. Norwood to Walter Waightstill Lenoir documenting Thomas’s peregrinations in Tennessee, Texas, Mississippi, and other states in search of the ideal teaching position;
–a letter of 11 March 1880 from Walter B. Gwyn in Asheville to Walter Waightstill in which he enclosed a plan for a small house;
–letters in November 1880 documenting the death of Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir;
–a letter of 8 January 1882 documenting the death of Thomas Isaac Lenoir;
–a letter of 9 August 1890 documenting the death of Walter Waightstill Lenoir.
For an exhaustive look at an individual’s correspondence, researchers are advised to see the description of Subseries 1.6, Undated Correspondence, which contains letters relating to: Eliza Mira Lenoir (1789-1835); Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir (1844-1880); Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912); Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir (d. 1899); Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir (1833-1913); Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir (1783-1864); Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882); Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861); Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890); William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861); William Lenoir (1751-1839); and miscellaneous Bingham, Gwyn, Lenoir, Norwood, Oertel, and other family members.
Folder 158
1866
Folder 159
1867
Folder 160-161
1868
Folder 162-163
1869
Folder 164
1870
Folder 165
1871
Folder 166
1872
Folder 167
1873
Folder 168
1874
Folder 169-170
1875
Folder 171-172
1876
Folder 173-174
1877
Folder 175-176
1878
Folder 177
1879
Folder 178
1880
Folder 179
1881
Folder 180
1882
Folder 181
1883
Folder 182
1884
Folder 183
1885
Folder 184
1886
Folder 185
1887
Folder 186
1888
Folder 187
1889
Folder 188
1890
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 1.5. 1891-1937.
About 1,050 items.
Correspondence during this period is almost exclusively related to business or family matters.
Business dealings revolved around Thomas Ballard Lenoir and other family members in their dealings with the Linville Improvement Company. Much of this material was generated as a result of complications arising from Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s estate, for which Thomas Ballard Lenoir was executor. Many letters deal with lawsuits surrounding estate disputes, but there are also letters relating to other lawsuits in which the Linville Improvement Company seems to have been mired. Besides Thomas Ballard Lenoir, some of the chief business players were: J. McDowell Michal of the Piedmont Wagon Company, husband of Mary (Mame), who was Thomas Isaac and Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir’s daughter; Walter B. Gwyn, lawyer and land agent in Asheville; Edmund Jones (William Lenoir was his maternal great-grandfather), lawyer of Lenoir; Hugh MacRae of Wilmington Cotton Mills; and, to a lesser extent, the Norwood relations in Tennessee and Rufus Theodore Lenoir at Fort Defiance.
Family correspondence involves many members of the Lenoir, Gwyn, Norwood, and related families. Chief among the correspondents are Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir and her son Rufus Theodore Lenoir, Jr., who, during this period attended the Rutherford Military Institute in Rutherfordton, N.C.; the Davis School, in Winston, N.C.; and, for a short time, the A. & M. College in Raleigh. Around 1897, Rufus seems to have married Clyde Lyndon and settled with his bride in Athens, Ga., where he was either working or in school and she wrote a great number of interminable letters to her mother-in-law about the most minute details of their largely uneventful lives. Also included are:
–letters, beginning in 1891, from J. McDowell Michal to his wife Mary (Mame) as he travelled for business;
–many letters, beginning around 1892, from Julia Adelaide Torrey Oertel to Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir about family affairs and the work of Johannes Adam Simon Oertel, and a letter of 16 September 1906 from Johannes Oertel to Sallie about his trip home to Vienna;
–a letter of 20 January 1899 documenting the death of Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir;
–a letter of 20 April 1937 from Robert W. Bingham, William Bingham’s grandson, giving a brief history of the Bingham School.
For an exhaustive look at an individual’s correspondence, researchers are advised to see the description of Subseries 1.6, Undated Correspondence, which contains letters relating to: Eliza Mira Lenoir (1789-1835); Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir (1844-1880); Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912); Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir (d. 1899); Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir (1833-1913); Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir (1783-1864); Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882); Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861); Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890); William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861); William Lenoir (1751-1839); and miscellaneous Bingham, Gwyn, Lenoir, Norwood, Oertel, and other family members.
Folder 189-190
1891
Folder 191-193
1892
Folder 194-195
1893
Folder 196-198
1894
Folder 199-203
1895
Folder 204
1896
Folder 205-207
1897
Folder 208
1898
Folder 209
1899
Folder 210-212
1900
Folder 213
1901
Folder 214
1902-1904
Folder 215
1905-1908
Folder 216
1909-1937
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 1.5. Undated.
About 550 items.
Undated letters tend to relate to family affairs, although there are a few instances of undated business letters. Letters have been grouped by recipient/sender. There is some slight overlap in this arrangement scheme, as when Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir wrote to her husband Rufus Theodore Lenoir or to her sister-in-law Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir. Researchers interested in an exhaustive look at an individual’s correspondence are advised to check all of the likely folders.
Folder 217
Eliza Mira Lenoir (1789-1835), about 10 items.
Chiefly routine letters from family and friends.
Folder 218-220
Mary Elizabeth (Lizzie) Garrett Lenoir (1844-1880), about 95 items.
Chiefly routine family letters, including many from Mary (Mame) Lenoir Michal.
Folder 221
Rufus Theodore Lenoir (1825-1912), about 25 items.
Includes a few from his wife and his brothers.
Folder 222-224
Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir (d. 1899), about 110 items.
Chiefly routine letters from cousins and other relatives, including Laura Norwood, Eliza Bingham Penick, and Mary Ann Gwyn.
Folder 225-226
Sarah Leonora (Sallie) Gwyn Lenoir (1833-1913), about 100 items.
Chiefly routine family letters, especially from Rufus Lenoir, Jr., and his wife Clyde, and from Julia Oertel.
Folder 227-228
Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir (1783-1864), about 40 items.
Chiefly routine letters from her children, especially Laura Norwood.
Folder 229-230
Thomas Isaac Lenoir (1817-1882), about 30 items.
Chiefly routine business and family letters.
Folder 231
Thomas Lenoir (1780-1861), about 15 items.
Chiefly routine letters from his children, especially Thomas Isaac Lenoir.
Folder 232
Walter Waightstill Lenoir (1823-1890), about 15 items.
Chiefly routine family and business letters.
Folder 233
William Avery Lenoir (1808-1861), 3 items.
Chiefly relating to routine business matters.
Folder 234
William Lenoir (1751-1839), about 20 items.
Includes a few typed copies of letters from William Lenoir on political themes and some routine business and family letters.
Folder 235-236
Miscellaneous family members, about 55 items.
Includes letters to or from Laura Norwood, Louisa Norwood, and Mary (Mame) Lenoir Michal.
Folder 237-238
Unknown recipients and senders, about 30 items.
Includes letters and letter fragments.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 2. Diaries and Other Writings, 1770-1940 and undated.
About 330 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Included are William and Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s diaries describing their military experiences; Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s travel diary; drafts of speeches, addresses, and writings of William Lenoir; religious, school, political, and business writings, including some poetry, of other members of the Lenoir family; and newspaper clippings and other printed material. Diary entries and travel memoranda are also found in Series 5.
expand/collapse Subseries 2.1. Diaries, 1776-1863, 1940.
3 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Diaries of William Lenoir, Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir, and Walter Waightstill Lenoir. The diaries of William and Walter Waightstill Lenoir describe their military experiences in the Revolutionary War and the Civil War. Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s diary details a journey she made to visit her family and friends. Diary entries for William Avery Lenoir can be found in Series 5.1.3. Travel memoranda and diary entries for members of the Lenoir family are also found in Series 5.
Folder 239
(digitized 52 scans)
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/00ddd/id/206770
V-426/1: 1776, 40 pp., 14 pp., 4 pp.
Vol. 1 is in three sections. 1A is William Lenoir’s journal of an expedition against the Cherokee Indians in the mountains of North Carolina in 1776, which contains daily entries and accounts and memoranda for the expedition. 1B is a reprint of the text of the diary accompanied by an introduction and annotations by J. G. de Roulhac Hamilton, 1940. 1C is a typed transcription of an account of the 1776 Cherokee expedition purportedly written by William Lenoir in June 1835 (2).
Folder 240
V-426/2: August 1852?, 12 pp.
Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s diary, describing a trip to visit family and old friends.
Folder 241
V-426/3: 1862-1863, 28 pp.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir Civil War diary (typed transcription only). Lenoir served in both the 25th and the 37th North Carolina Regiment. The diary describes camp life at Camp Lee in Beaufort District, S.C., battles and skirmishes, and the loss of his leg and subsequent rehabilitation (209).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 2.2. Speeches, Writings, and Notes, 1770-1910 and undated.
About 110 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Writings of William Lenoir on his military and political activities, as well as the religious, school, political, and business writings of other members of the Lenoir family. There is also some religious, humorous, and love poetry.
expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.1. William Lenoir’s Speeches, Writings, and Notes, 1775-1836 and undated.
About 70 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Drafts of speeches, addresses, and writings of William Lenoir are on his military and political activities, and on public issues of the day, including the National Bank, nullification, the tariff, and slavery. There are typed transcriptions for several documents.
Folder 242
1775-1821
Folder 243
1823-1836
Folder 244-246
Undated
Folder 247
Typescripts
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.2. Other Writings, 1770-1910 and undated.
About 35 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Other writings consist of poetry on a variety of subjects, including political satire, motherhood, and “A Lawyer’s Prayer”; an obituary of William Lenoir; and the religious, school, political, and business writings of other members of the Lenoir family.
Folder 248
Poems, 1770-1834 and undated
Folder 249
Other writings, 1782-1910 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 2.2.3. Volumes of Writings, 1840-1848.
2 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Volumes include a book of religious, humorous, and love poetry and an address to the Temperance Society.
Folder 250
V-426/4: 1840-1848, 22 pp.
Book of “Pastime or Holyday Verses,” with three keepsakes enclosed (175).
Folder 251
V-426/5: 1843, 16 pp.
Address to Temperance Society.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 2.3. Clippings and Printed Material, 1793-1936 and undated.
About 220 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Clippings on national and international politics, war, business, religion, social issues, human interest stories, and agriculture; pages from missionary and gardening newspapers; business, financial, and religious handbills, circulars, and brochures; invitations; maps and charts; advertisements; and obituaries.
expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.1. Clippings, 1794-1907 and undated.
About 180 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Newspaper clippings are on a variety of topics, including international and national politics; the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812; land sales and foreclosures; obituaries; the lottery; poetry; religion; social issues of the day; medical cures and agricultural notes; Irish humor and culture; and customs from other countries. There are also several pages from the Protestant Episcopal Church’s missionary newspapers and a gardening newspaper.
Folder 252
Loose clippings, 1794-1816
Folder 253
Loose clippings, 1817-1818
Folder 254
Loose clippings, 1819-1821
Folder 255
Loose clippings, 1822-1907
Folder 256
Loose clippings, undated
Folder 257
Domestic Missionary, 15 September 1869-15 December 1869
Folder 258
Ladies’ Floral Cabinet, January 1873
Folder 259
Carrier Dove, March 1874-August 1876
Folder 260-261
Young Christian Soldier & Carrier Dove, 3 March 1878-6 March 1887
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 2.3.2. Printed Materials, 1793-1936 and undated.
About 38 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Various business, financial, and religious handbills, circulars, and brochures; invitations; maps and charts; advertisements for books, medicine, land, livestock, and seed; Protestant Episcopal Church material; and obituaries.
Folder 262
1793-1877
Folder 263
1882-1936 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 3. Plantation and Family Records, 1765-1929 and undated.
About 3,300 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Included are the Lenoir family’s household, plantation, legal, business, and political records. Household and plantation records include financial and legal papers and memoranda; papers relating to property and plantation management; and livestock, blacksmith, medical, and school records. Lenoir family legal records include family legal papers, notes and memoranda of legal cases, and estate papers of members of the Lenoir family and related individuals. Business papers relate to various professional and business activities, including papers relating to family finances and taxes and bank statements. Political papers include political writings and memoranda, election returns, and papers pertaining to county business. Other plantation accounts and related financial and business volumes are found in Series 5. Additional household and plantation records of W. W. Lenoir are in volume 292 (Series 6.3).
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1. Household and Plantation Records, 1768-1929 and undated.
About 1,400 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Household and plantation records consist of financial and legal papers and memoranda for the household and plantation activities of the Lenoir family, including household events and expenses; slave records; recipes and distilling records; bills and receipts for plantation expenses; papers relating to property and plantation management; stud books; and livestock, blacksmith, medical, and school records. Other plantation accounts are found in Series 5.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.1. Household and Plantation Financial and Legal Papers, 1771-1929 and undated.
About 900 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Household and plantation financial and legal papers for William, Thomas, Walter Raleigh, William Avery, Walter Waightstill, Thomas Isaac, and Rufus Theodore Lenoir. Items include barter and patent agreements, distilling licenses, lottery tickets, accounts of rents, newspaper subscriptions, and bills of sale and receipts for general merchandise, livestock, household items, slaves, clothing, fabric and sewing supplies, construction supplies, agricultural supplies and farm equipment, freight and shipping, travel, and for sales of provisions to others.
Folder 264
1771-1793
Folder 265
1794-1801
Folder 266
1802-1811
Folder 267
1812-1820
Folder 268
1821-1825
Folder 269
1826-1832
Folder 270
1833-1835
Folder 271
1836-1839
Folder 272
1840-1845
Folder 273
1846-1852
Folder 274
1853-1854
Folder 275
1855-1858
Folder 276
1859-1864
Folder 277
1865-1875
Folder 278
1876-1880
Folder 279
1881-1887
Folder 280
1888-1929 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.2. Household and Plantation Notes and Memoranda, 1773-1894 and undated.
About 900 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Household and plantation notes and memoranda of the Lenoir family, including records of payment of household expenses; notes on agreements for plantation work; specifications for a carriage; house plans and dimensions; lists of slave birth dates, work records, and provisions for each family; recipes for dyes, wine, cordials, and cakes; memoranda of bacon and corn sold; distillery notes; lists of plantation and household items, fruit trees and crops, and fabric; family history; records of family loans; calling cards and invitations; loose memoranda of plantation work and expenses, including beekeeping; and a presidential pardon for a Civil War veteran.
Folder 281
1773-1894
Folder 282
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.3. Household Records, 1834-1892.
4 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Household records include Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s memorandum books of household furnishings, visitors to Fort Defiance, and family history, and a card game score book.
Folder 283
V-426/6: 1834-1841, 19 pp.
Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s memorandum book, describing foreigners and other visitors to Fort Defiance, and family history and genealogical information (153).
Folder 284
V-426/7: 1848-1853, 9 pp.
Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir’s lists of linens, bedding, and other household furnishings at Fort Defiance (186).
Folder 285
V-426/8: 1851, 8 pp.
Genealogical and family notes for the McClain, Spenn, Avery, and Lenoir families (190).
Folder 286
V-426/9: 1892, 14 pp.
Card game score book for hearts, whist, and casino.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.4. Plantation Records, 1785-1899.
24 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Plantation records include Lenoir family account books for corn, wheat, bacon, cotton, and general provisions; William Lenoir’s distilling recipe book; Thomas Lenoir’s records of his slaves’ textile work and their consumption of provisions at the East Fork of Pigeon plantation in Haywood County, N.C.; a smokehouse memorandum book; and Rufus Theodore Lenoir’s record of rents paid at his Lower Creek Farm in Yadkin Valley, N.C. Other plantation accounts are found in Series 5.
Folder 287
V-426/10: 1785, 15 pp.
William Lenoir’s account book for corn and wheat (21C).
Folder 288
V-426/11: 1806-1808, 24 pp.
Plantation account book for various individuals’ purchases of whiskey, corn, and other plantation items (83).
Folder 289
V-426/12: 1806-1808, 66 pp.
William Lenoir’s distilling book, containing recipes for beer, brandy, cider, and whiskey, and an enclosure describing a method of stilling (90).
Folder 290
V-426/13: May-December 1807, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s account book for corn sales (87).
Folder 291
V-426/14: 1833-1841, 5 pp.
Account book for cotton prices (151).
Folder 292
V-426/15: January 1834-December 18351841, 28 pp.
Record of slave activities at Thomas Lenoir’s East Fork of Pigeon plantation in Haywood County, N.C., including a record of consumption of bacon, lard, and cotton and records of spinning and weaving work (152).
Folder 293
V-426/16: 1853, 10 pp.
Account book for bacon sales.
Folder 294
V-426/17: 1862-1864, 21 pp.
Thomas Isaac Lenoir’s account book for spinning, weaving, knitting, and mending, with two enclosed clippings (210).
Folder 295
V-426/18: 1864, 7 pp.
Memorandum book for smokehouse and meat (211).
Folder 296
V-426/19: 1870-1899, 33 pp.
Accounts and rents for Rufus Theodore Lenoir’s Lower Creek Farm in Yadkin Valley, N.C., with 11 enclosed receipts and memoranda (216).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.5. Livestock Records and Stud Books, 1773-1889 and undated.
About 110 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Livestock records and stud books chiefly of William Lenoir, and including stud books for William Lenoir’s stallions, lists of pedigrees and bloodlines, and breeding and feeding accounts for donkeys, mules, cattle, and horses. See also Series 5.1. and 5.3.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.5.1. Livestock Records, 1773-1889 and undated.
About 100 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Livestock records include bills of sale and receipts for horses, donkeys, mules, and cattle; agreements for stud fees and establishing pedigrees and bloodlines; accounts and descriptions of horses and “horse creatures,” and cattle and steer driven to range or market; memoranda of feed; breeding records; and a deposition regarding a “bad-eyed mare.”
Folder 297
1773-1819
Folder 298
1820-1889 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.5.2. Stud Books, 1788-1810.
9 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Stud record books are for William Lenoir’s various stallions, including Whirligigg, Boreas, Jupiter, and Rameles. Books contain notes for each customer and mare, with occasional memoranda on special arrangements and pedigrees of the stallions. There are other stud records in Series 5.1.1.
Folder 299
V-426/20: 1788, 16 pp.
Whirligigg stud book (31).
Folder 300
V-426/21: 1789, 12 pp.
Whirligigg stud book (34).
Folder 301
V-426/22: 1790-1791, 9 pp.
Whirligigg stud book (37).
Folder 302
V-426/23: 1792-1793, 15 pp.
Whirligigg stud book (43).
Folder 303
V-426/24: 1797-1801, 1812, 58 pp.
Boreas stud book, with notes on a distilling method (57A).
Folder 304
V-426/25: 1800, 20 pp.
Boreas stud book (57B).
Folder 305
V-426/26: 1801-1805, 17 pp.
Jupiter stud book, with enclosed loose page (69).
Folder 306
V-426/27: 1806, 18 pp.
Rameles stud book (80).
Folder 307
V-426/28: 1806-1810, 28 pp.
Rameles stud book (84).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.6. Blacksmith Records, 1792-1877 and undated.
15 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Blacksmith records are chiefly bills and receipts for blacksmith work, equipment, and supplies, and accounts of individuals for blacksmith work. See also Series 5.3.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.6.1. Blacksmith Records, 1792-1877.
6 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Bills and receipts for blacksmith work and equipment.
Folder 308
1792-1877
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.6.2. Blacksmith Account Books, 1794-1819.
9 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Accounts of various individuals with William Lenoir for blacksmith work.
Folder 309-310
V-426/29: 1794-1795, 87 pp.
Blacksmith account book and six enclosed bills and memoranda about smith work (45).
Folder 311
V-426/30: 1797-1801, 79 pp.
Blacksmith account book for work done and iron sold (58).
Folder 312
V-426/31: 1801-1809, 1819, 179 pp.
Blacksmith account book (71).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.7. Medical Records, 1795-1890 and undated.
15 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Descriptions of medical cases and treatments, agreements between Thomas Isaac Lenoir and physicians for treatment of his family, bills and receipts for medical treatment and prescriptions for the Lenoir family, and books of medical cures.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.7.1. Medical Cures and Recipes, 1795-1879 and undated.
30 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Various members of the Lenoir family collected descriptions of medical cases and treatments, including those for cancer, “hooping cough,” dysentery, tuberculosis, and rash from poison ivy. There are also agreements between Thomas Isaac Lenoir and physicians for treatment of his family. See also Series 5.1.1.
Folder 313
1795-1879
Folder 314
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.7.2. Medical Bills and Receipts, 1823-1890 and undated.
29 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Bills and receipts are for medical treatment and prescriptions for the Lenoir family.
Folder 315
1823-1890 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.7.3. Books of Medical Cures, 1797-1837.
5 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Books of medical cures include home remedies for humans and livestock and recipes for agricultural pest and disease control, as well as a few enclosed recipes and a medical bill.
Folder 316
V-426/32: 1797-1837, 64 pp.
Medical cures and home remedies for “man and beast,” as well as garden pest and disease control. There are also two recipes and a medical bill enclosed with the volume (68).
Folder 317
V-426/33: circa 1806, 24 pp.
Book of medical cures.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.8. School Records, 1768-1901 and undated.
About 150 items.
Arrangement: by type.
School records include university and secondary school bills, receipts, and statements for tuition and educational expenses; reports on conduct and academics; a report to the University of North Carolina board of trustees; notebooks from mathematics, history and other classes; and notebooks with essays, poetry, school accounts, and other writings for members of the Lenoir family, especially the children of Thomas Lenoir.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.8.1. School Bills and Receipts, 1793-1901 and undated.
About 60 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Bills, receipts, and statements for tuition and educational expenses of members of the Lenoir family, especially the children of Thomas Lenoir.
Folder 318
School bills and receipts
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.8.2. Report Cards and Evaluations, 1830-1892.
31 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Reports on the conduct and educational progress of members of the Lenoir family at various academies, especially the Bingham School in Mebaneville, N.C., and a circular regarding an attack on the principal of the Hillsborough Academy in 1839.
Folder 319
Report cards and evaluations
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.8.3. University of North Carolina and Other College Material, 1789-1883.
28 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Included are a list of University of North Carolina trustees; reports of conduct, absence, and grades; University of North Carolina accounts; invitations to graduation exercises and concerts at various colleges; and drafts of documents relating to business of the University of North Carolina board of trustees.
Folder 320
UNC and other college material
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.1.8.4. School Notebooks, 1768-1835 and undated.
26 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
School notebooks of the Lenoir family include several notebooks for mathematics, European and North American history, religion, philosophy, poetry, word definitions, French vocabulary, writing practice, and school accounts. There are also drafts of correspondence to family members and other writings.
Folder 321
V-426/34: 1768-1770, 153 pp. (missing pages 9-12).
William Lenoir’s mathematics book containing formulae, notes, and exercises (1).
Folder 322
V-426/35: ca. 1790, 24 pp.
William Avery and Thomas Lenoir’s mathematics book containing formulae, notes, and exercises (38).
Folder 323
V-426/36: 1792-1802, 60 pp.
Israel Pickens’s mathematics book containing formulae, notes, and problems, originally belonging to James Lesley, who was killed in a duel in South Carolina, and enclosed page (64).
Folder 324
V-426/37: 1810, 89 pp.
Sally Joyce Lenoir’s ciphering book containing formulae, notes, and problems (101).
Folder 325
V-426/38: circa 1819, 34 pp.
Louisa Lenoir’s letterbook at Salem Academy, containing school notes and drafts of letters to her mother and cousin (120).
Folder 326
V-426/39: circa 1820, 15 pp.
History book containing descriptions of Revolutionary War battles and other episodes in United States history.
Folder 327
V-426/40: 1822, 44 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s mathematics book containing problems and formulae (122).
Folder 328
V-426/41: 1829, 28 pp.
Julia Pickens’s Salem Academy commonplace book containing essays on devotion, duty, diligence, and education, and poetry on various philosophical matters (132).
Folder 329
V-426/42: circa 1830, 40 pp.
Julia Pickens’s Salem Academy commonplace book containing copies of poetry (133).
Folder 330
V-426/43: circa 1830, 16 pp.
Julia Pickens’s Salem Academy copy book for lettering and writing practice, with an enclosed writing practice sheet (141).
Folder 331
V-426/44: circa 1830, 28 pp.
Julia Pickens’s Salem Academy history notebook, containing questions and answers in North American history, poetry, and French vocabulary (142).
Folder 332
V-426/45: circa 1830, 13 pp.
Selina Louise Lenoir’s homemade almanac, containing aphorisms and notes, and an enclosed poem (144).
Folder 333
V-426/46: 1831, 21 pp.
Julia Pickens’s Salem Academy history notebook containing ancient history, sketches, and mathematical exercises (134).
Folder 334
V-426/47: 1834-1835, 10 pp.
Julia Pickens’s account book for money received from Thomas Lenoir and for expenses such as clothing and similar items (135).
Folder 335
V-426/48: circa 1835, 16 pp.
Mary Ann (Annie) Lenoir’s poetry and copy book, with several torn pages (146).
Folder 336
V-426/49: circa 1835, 41 pp.
Selina Louise Lenoir’s Salem Academy universal history book containing essays on European history (137).
Folder 337
V-426/50: Undated, 13 pp.
L. A. Lenoir’s botany and history book containing notes on botanical classes and European history (138).
Folder 338
V-426/51: Undated, 25 pp.
L. Lenoir’s Salem Academy book of essays on devotion, modesty, ridicule, and the muses, and copies of poetry (136).
Folder 339
V-426/52: Undated, 16 pp.
E. W. Graves’s Salem Academy vocabulary book listing words and their definitions (143).
Folder 340
V-426/53: Undated, 21 pp.
Book of essays on family and domestic life (139).
Folder 341
V-426/54: Undated, 26 pp.
Commonplace book containing religious poetry and essays on piety, order, and obstinacy (140).
Folder 342
V-426/55: Undated, 17 pp.
Notes on British poets, the Turkish and Holy Roman Empires, a romantic story, and an enclosed page on the story of Christopher Columbus (145).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2. Legal and Business Records, 1765-1909 and undated.
About 1,850 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Lenoir family legal and business records include the legal papers of Waightstill Avery; notes and memoranda of various legal cases in Ashe, Caldwell, Watauga, and Wilkes counties; wills and other papers relating to the settlement of the estates of members of the Lenoir family and related individuals; legal and business papers of members of the Lenoir family relating to their professional and business activities; promissory notes and volumes listing notes and debtors; Lenoir family tax records; bank statements; papers relating to the Linville Improvement Company and the Linville Building and Loan Association; Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s work records for Linville, his grist and lumber mills, and other properties, consisting of ledgers listing employees and their accounts and records of days worked by employees; grist and lumber mill account books, statements, accounts, and memoranda of work done at the mills, and grain, flour, timber, and lumber used at the mills.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.1. Waightstill Avery Legal Papers, 1795-1830 and undated.
29 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
The legal papers of Waightstill Avery include transcripts, memoranda, depositions, and other court documents for legal cases of the father-in-law of Thomas and William Ballard Lenoir.
Folder 343
Waightstill Avery legal papers
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.2. Notes on Lawsuits, 1850s-1880s.
83 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Notes on lawsuits, probably belonging to Walter Waightstill Lenoir, and including notes and memoranda of various legal cases in Ashe, Caldwell, Watauga, and Wilkes counties, describing particulars of the cases and applicable laws and court decisions.
Folder 344
Ashe County Superior Court
Folder 345
Caldwell County Superior Court
Folder 346
Watauga County Superior Court
Folder 347
Wilkes County Superior Court
Folder 348
Unknown court
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.3. Estate Papers, 1765-1903.
About 220 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Estate papers include copies and typed transcriptions of the wills of members of the Lenoir family and related individuals, including Josiah Blanchard and John Norwood; and wills, accounts of distributions, receipts, and other papers relating to the settlement of the estates of William Lenoir, Selina Louisa Avery Lenoir, Sarah (Sade) Jones Lenoir, Thomas Lenoir, William Avery Lenoir, and Walter Waightstill Lenoir.
Folder 349
Miscellaneous estate papers and wills, 1765-1898
Folder 350-351
Estate of Thomas Lenoir, 1854-1863
Folder 352
Estates of Thomas and William Avery Lenoir, 1861-1867
Folder 353
Estate of William Avery Lenoir, 1861-1867
Folder 354
Estate of Walter Waightstill Lenoir–Executor’s accounts, 1884-1903
Folder 355
Estate of Walter Waightstill Lenoir, 1889-1896
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.4. Other Legal and Business Records, 1773-1899 and undated.
About 500 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Legal and business papers of members of the Lenoir family relating to their professional and business activities, and including debts, receipts, memoranda of notes, material relating to railroad and road building projects, and memoranda of legal cases in Burke County, N.C. See also Series 5.1.1. and 5.3.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.4.1. Legal and Business Papers, 1773-1899 and undated.
About 500 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Legal and business papers of William, William Ballard, Thomas, William Avery, Thomas Isaac, Walter Waightstill, and Rufus Theodore Lenoir, including court orders, marriage licenses, obligations, Confederate bonds, memoranda of bank notes and currency exchanges, and documents and receipts for William Lenoir’s legal practice and his activities as Clerk of Court of Wilkes County. Other items relate to estate sales, settlement of debts, railroad and road building projects, business investments and stockholders’ concerns.
Folder 356
1773-1799
Folder 357
1800-1805
Folder 358
1806-1820
Folder 359
1821-1830
Folder 360
1831-1850
Folder 361
1851-1860
Folder 362
1861-1899 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.4.2. Memoranda of Legal Cases in Burke County, 1804, 1809-1811.
2 items.
Court document and volume with memoranda and accounts for various legal cases in Burke County, N.C.
Folder 363
1804, 1809-1811
Includes volume 56 (V-426/56)
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.5. Promissory Notes and Memoranda of Notes, 1781-1892.
About 150 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Promissory notes are from various individuals to members of the Lenoir family. Volumes list debtors and the amounts and due dates of their notes.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.5.1. Promissory Notes, 1781-1892.
About 140 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Promissory notes are from various individuals to members of the Lenoir family.
Folder 364
1781-1825
Folder 365
1826-1864
Folder 366
1865-1903
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.5.2. Memoranda of Notes, 1783-1846.
11 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
William Lenoir’s memoranda of promissory notes include lists of debtors and the amounts and due dates of their notes.
Folder 367
V-426/57: 1783-1827, 37 pp. (19)
Folder 368
V-426/58: 1783-1821, 40 pp. (23)
Folder 369
V-426/59: 1784-1838, 42 pp. (27)
Folder 370
V-426/60: 1810, 22 pp. and two enclosed promissory notes (99)
Folder 371
V-426/61: 1811-1846, 45 pp. and an enclosed receipt for a paid debt (156)
Folder 372
V-426/62: 1837, 34 pp. and two enclosed memoranda (130)
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.6. Lenoir Family Tax Records, 1780-1898.
About 430 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Lenoir family tax records consist of inventories and abstracts of taxable property; receipts for state and county taxes; tax forms and returns; and a memorandum book listing William Avery Lenoir and Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s land for taxation in Caldwell, Watauga, Mitchell, and Catawba counties, N.C.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.6.1. Tax Records, 1780-1898.
About 430 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Tax records include inventories of taxable property, including land and slaves; receipts for state, county, and poll taxes; Confederate tax forms; United States Internal Revenue Service tax bills and tax returns; and property abstracts for state taxes for members of the Lenoir family and their properties in North Carolina and other states.
Folder 373
1780-1820
Folder 374
1821-1850
Folder 375
1851-1860
Folder 376
1861-1870
Folder 377
1871-1880
Folder 378
1881-1898
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.6.2. Assessment of William Avery Lenoir’s Land, 1860-1882.
1 item.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
An assessment of William Avery and Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s lands in Caldwell, Watauga, Mitchell, and Catawba counties, N.C.
Folder 379
V-426/63: 1860-1882, 5 pp.
Assessment of lands (206).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.7. Bank Statements, 1841-1909.
93 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Bank statements include balances, deposit slips, checks, and overdraft notices for several North Carolina banks, including the Bank of Lenoir and the First National Bank of Hickory, for William Avery Lenoir, Thomas Ballard Lenoir, and Rufus Theodore Lenoir.
Folder 380
1841-1898
Folder 381
1899-1909
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.8. Linville Improvement Company Papers, 1850-1895 and undated.
52 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
The Linville Improvement Company papers consist of the business papers of Walter Waightstill Lenoir and his nephew, Thomas Ballard Lenoir, relating to the Linville Improvement Company and the Linville Building and Loan Association. The papers include the bylaws of the Linville Building and Loan Association, receipts, agreements, indentures, forms, memoranda on the Linville Improvement Company, minutes of a stockholder meeting, and items relating to a suit brought against the company by Thomas Ballard Lenoir.
Folder 382
Linville Improvement Company papers
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.9. Work Records, 1823, 1868-1890.
About 120 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s work records for the Linville Improvement Company, his grist and lumber mills, and other properties consist of ledgers listing employees and their accounts, including payments for work and living expenses; and records of days worked by employees.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.9.1. Linville Improvement Company Work Records, 1872-1889.
About 500 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s work records for Linville consist of ledgers listing employees and their accounts, including payments for work and living expenses, and records of days worked by employees.
Folder 383
V-426/64: September-November 1872, 6 pp.
Ledger for work at Linville (217).
Folder 384
V-426/65: August 1875-October 1887, 128 pp.
Ledger for work at Linville and 3 enclosed memoranda.
Folder 385
V-426/66: April 1883-May 1889, 56 pp. (pages number 129-252)
Ledger for work at Linville and 15 enclosed notes on work to be done, freight receipts, work records, and requests for supplies (220).
Folder 386
V-426/67: June-July 1873, 2 pp.
Record of days worked at Linville.
Folder 387
V-426/68: July 1876-August 1882, 15 pp.
Record of days worked at Linville and nine enclosed notes, requests for supplies, and work records.
Folder 388
V-426/69: April 1883-June 1884, 16 pp.
Record of days worked at Linville.
Folder 389
V-426/70: June 1884-August 1886, 16 pp.
Record of days worked at Linville, eleven enclosed notes, requests for supplies, and work records.
Folder 390
V-426/71: August 1886-October 1887, 12 pp.
Record of days worked at Linville (217).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.9.2. Grist and Lumber Mill Work Records, 1874-1889.
About 30 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s work records for his grist and lumber mills consist of ledgers listing employees and their accounts, including payments for work and living expenses, and records of days worked by employees.
Folder 391
V-426/72: April 1874-May 1887, 288 pp.
Ledger of work at the mills and thirteen enclosures, including memoranda and lumber bills (217).
Folder 392
V-426/73: November 1887-December 1889, 4 pp.
Ledger of work at the mills and two enclosed memoranda (224).
Folder 393
V-426/74: June 1873-Novmeber 1874, 13 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills (217).
Folder 394
V-426/75: April 1875-June 1877, 16 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills (217).
Folder 395
V-426/76: August 1877-July 1881, 42 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills as well as four enclosed notes and a request for time off from an employee (218).
Folder 396
V-426/77: July 1881-March 1883, 41 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills.
Folder 397
V-426/78: March-August 1883, 15 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills.
Folder 398
V-426/79: March 1884-July 1887, 17 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills.
Folder 399
V-426/80: March-December 1888, 4 pp.
Record of days worked at the mills.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.9.3. Other Work Records, 1868-1890.
About 10 items.
Arrangement: by location.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s work records for his properties consist of ledgers listing employees and their accounts, including payments for work and living expenses, and records of days worked by employees. See also Series 5.1.6. and 5.3.
Folder 400
V-426/81: September-October 1872, 12 pp.
Ledger of work at Watauga (217).
Folder 401
V-426/82: September-October 1872, 8 pp.
Record of days worked at Watauga (217).
Folder 402
V-426/83: August 1876-August 1878, 32 pp.
Ledger of work at McCauley’s pasture (217).
Folder 403
V-426/84: August 1875-October 1879, 4 pp.
Record of days worked at McCauley’s pasture (217).
Folder 404
V-426/85: October 1868-November 1870, 24 pp.
Record of days worked, location unknown, and an enclosed page (214).
Folder 405
V-426/86: March 1888-May 1890, 6 pp.
Record of days worked at Hibriten (217).
Folder 406
V-426/87: June 1889-July 1890, 50 pp.
Accounts of work at the mills and Linville and an enclosed note (226).
Folder 407
V-426/88: June-July 1890, 50 pp.
Accounts of work at the mills and Linville (225).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.9.4. Work Records, Notes, and Memoranda, 1823, 1870-1889.
28 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Chiefly work records are those of Walter Waightstill Lenoir for his employees in Linville and other business concerns, including expenses for boarding hands, records of days worked and payments, and memoranda about work arrangements.
Folder 408
Work records, notes, and memoranda
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.10. Grist and Lumber Mill Account Books, 1874-1887.
About 30 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Folder 409
V-426/89: 1874-1887, 36 pp.
Customer accounts book for lumber mill and five enclosures.
Folder 410
V-426/90: 1874-1885, 48 pp.
Customer accounts book and memoranda for lumber mill and eleven enclosures.
Folder 411
V-426/91: June 1877-June 1883, 16 pp.
Customer accounts book for lumber mill (217).
Folder 412
V-426/92: February-March 1885, 38 pp.
Customer accounts book for lumber mill (222).
Folder 413
V-426/93: March 1885-March 1887, 89 pp.
Customer accounts book for Johnson’s lumber mill and two enclosures.
Folder 414
V-426/94: December 1875-June 1876, 8 pp.
Purchases and sales of grain at Stonewall Mill (217).
Folder 415
V-426/95: August 1876-October 1880, 14 pp.
Purchases and sales of grain at Stonewall Mill and six enclosed memoranda and receipts.
Folder 416
V-426/96: January 1884-April 1887, 77 pp.
Accounts of toll grain used or sold at Stonewall Mill.
Folder 417
V-426/97: January-February 1887, 50 pp.
Grain and lumber accounts.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.2.11. Grist and Lumber Mill Papers, 1868-1900 and undated.
About 100 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Grist and lumber mill papers include bills and receipts for lumber, timber, and mill equipment; memoranda of work done at the mills; statements of toll grain; accounts of grain and flour brought to the mills; lists of cull logs; and memoranda of framing and lumber for buildings.
Folder 418
Grist and lumber mill bills and receipts, 1872-1895
Folder 419-420
Grist and lumber mill memoranda and notes, 1868-1900 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3. Political and Election Records, 1775-1882 and undated.
About 57 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Political papers of William Lenoir include descriptions of his troubles with his political opponent James Welborn and political notebooks containing notes on the North Carolina Constitutional Convention in Hillsborough and copies of the North Carolina constitution and other state political documents. Election papers consist of vote tallies, lists of names and party affiliations for various districts in North Carolina, and a few memoranda on the Western North Carolina Railroad Company, North Carolina laws, and land entries. County papers pertain to the establishment of county lines, road construction, and the control of wolves in the county, and include a list of subscribers to the Mecklenburg monument. See also vote tallies in volume 246 (Series 5.3.).
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.1. Political Papers, 1775-1815 and undated.
8 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Political papers are chiefly those of William Lenoir, and consist of affidavits regarding his character, Lenoir’s complaints about his political opponent James Welborn, a petition to the North Carolina General Assembly regarding two criminals, and an undated list of names, presumably of legislators.
Folder 421
Political papers
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.2. Political Volumes, 1788-1841.
5 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
William Lenoir’s political books include a volume containing his notes on the North Carolina Constitutional Convention in Hillsborough, a sketch of the misconduct of his political opponent James Welborn, and a copy of the North Carolina constitution and other state political documents. See also Series 5.1.1.
Folder 422
V-426/98: circa 1788, 31 pp.
William Lenoir’s notes on the North Carolina Constitutional Convention in Hillsborough.
Folder 423
V-426/99: 1795-1823, 41 pp.
Sketch of James Welborn’s conduct, with two enclosed memoranda of legal cases, one involving William Welborn (52A).
Folder 424
V-426/100: circa 1841, 6 pp.
North Carolina constitution and other documents (176).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.3. Election Papers, 1825-1836.
6 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Election papers consist of vote tallies for various districts in North Carolina.
Folder 425
Election papers
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.4. Election Book, 1880-1882.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
The election book contains lists of names by county and party affiliation in various districts in North Carolina, and a number of enclosures, including vote tallies, names of representatives, a subscription form for the Raleigh News and Observer, and notes on the Western North Carolina Railroad Company, North Carolina laws, and lands.
Folder 426
V-426/101: 1880-1882, 72 pp.
List of names, counties, and parties in election, with 12 enclosed memoranda and clippings listing vote tallies, names of representatives, political notes, a subscription to the Raleigh News and Observer, and notes on the Western North Carolina Railroad and land entries (219).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.5. County Records, 1792-1882 and undated.
25 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Records of Caldwell, Burke, Haywood, Watauga, and Wilkes counties. They pertain to the establishment of county lines, road construction, and the control of wolves in the county, and include a list of subscribers to the Mecklenburg monument.
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.5.1. County Papers, 1792-1882 and undated.
24 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Papers of Caldwell, Burke, Haywood, Watauga, and Wilkes counties. They pertain to the establishment of county lines, road construction, and the control of wolves in the county.
Folder 427
County papers
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 3.3.5.2. Mecklenburg List, 1846.
1 item.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
The Mecklenburg list gives the names of subscribers to the Mecklenburg monument, including Thomas Lenoir and his sons William Avery Lenoir and Thomas Isaac Lenoir.
Folder 428
V-426/102: 1846, 4 pp.
List of subscribers, including Thomas Lenoir, William Avery Lenoir, and Thomas Isaac Lenoir, to the Mecklenburg monument (184).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 4. Land Records, 1763-1897 and undated.
About 2,100 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Land records include papers on William Lenoir’s court cases involving the Moravian lands and the land speculation firm of Rousseau and Company, as well as two financial records of the company; legal documents for William and Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s land disputes; grants, deeds, and indentures for the purchase and sale of land chiefly in North Carolina; volumes containing lists of land grants in Ashe and Wilkes counties, N.C.; surveys, maps, and memoranda concerning the Lenoir family’s land holdings and transactions and their work surveying land for other individuals; land survey field notes; labor and leasing agreements for land; receipts for the purchase, sale, and registration of land; survey warrants; and volumes containing the value of lands in Watauga, Caldwell, and Catawba counties, N.C.
expand/collapse Subseries 4.1. Moravian Lands Court Case Records, 1763, 1772-1832 and undated.
About 110 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Moravian lands court case records include indentures, affidavits, agreements, reports, memoranda and notes, and other court documents relating to William Lenoir’s attempt to gain the lands of the Moravian United Brethren on the grounds that they had been held in trust by a loyalist and were thus forfeit.
expand/collapse Subseries 4.1.1. Moravian Lands Court Case Papers, 1763, 1772-1832 and undated.
About 110 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Indentures, affidavits, agreements, reports, memoranda and notes, and other court documents relate to William Lenoir’s suit against the Moravian United Brethren.
Folder 429
1763, 1772-1799
Folder 430
1800-1805
Folder 431
1806-1813
Folder 432
1814
Folder 433
1815-1816
Folder 434
1818-1832
Folder 435
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.1.2. Moravian Lands Court Case Books, 1799-1811.
3 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Depositions and other documents relate to the Moravian lands court case.
Folder 436
V-426/103: 1799, 39 pp.
Deposition on the Moravian lands court case.
Folder 437
V-426/104: 1811, 36 pp.
Moravian lands court case documents in two parts.
Folder 438
V-426/105: 1811, 39 pp.
Moravian lands court case document (105).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.2. Rousseau and Company Court Case Records, 1791-1830 and undated.
About 210 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Indentures, affidavits, agreements, reports, memoranda and notes, and other court documents relating to William Lenoir’s partnership in the land speculation firm Rousseau and Company, as well as two financial records of the company. See also Series 5.1.1.
expand/collapse Subseries 4.2.1. Rousseau and Company Court Case Papers, 1791-1830 and undated.
About 205 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Indentures, affidavits, agreements, reports, memoranda, and other court documents relating to William Lenoir’s partnership in the land speculation company Rousseau and Company.
Folder 439
1791-1794
Folder 440-442
1795
Folder 443
1796
Folder 444
1797-1799
Folder 445
1800-1830
Folder 446
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.2.2. Rousseau and Company Volumes, 1794-1802.
2 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Financial records of Rousseau and Company, a land speculation partnership of which William Lenoir was a member.
Folder 447
V-426/106: 1794-1796, 33 pp.
William Lenoir business account book for Rousseau and Company, including memoranda of financial transactions (49).
Folder 448
V-426/107: 1795-1802, 25 pp.
Rousseau and Company auditor’s check book (56).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.3. Land Disputes Court Cases, 1795-1888.
About 80 items.
Arrangement: by case.
Indentures, affidavits, agreements, reports, memoranda, and other court documents relating to land disputes. In the earliest cases, William Lenoir seems to have been involved as a defendant or plaintiff; in later years, the cases were those of Walter Waightstill Lenoir, both as attorney and litigant. See also Series 5.1.1.
Folder 449
1795-1854
Folder 450
1855-1858
Folder 451
1859-1888
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4. Land Legal Documents, Surveys, and Memoranda, 1763-1897 and undated.
About 1,700 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Land legal documents, surveys, and memoranda include grants, deeds, and indentures for the purchase and sale of land chiefly in North Carolina; volumes containing lists of land grants in Ashe and Wilkes counties, N.C.; surveys, maps, and memoranda concerning the Lenoir family’s land holdings and transactions, and their work surveying land for other individuals; land survey field notes; labor and leasing agreements for land; receipts for the purchase, sale, and registration of land; survey warrants; and volumes containing the value of lands in Watauga, Caldwell, and Catawba counties, N.C. See also Series 5.1. and 5.3.
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.1. Grants, Deeds, and Indentures, 1763-1893 and undated.
About 550 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Grants, deeds, and indentures are those of various members of the Lenoir family for the purchase and sale of land chiefly in North Carolina.
Folder 452
1763-1779
Folder 453
(digitized 8 scans)
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/00ddd/id/226133
1780
Oversize Paper Folder OPF-426/2-4
OPF-426/2
(digitized 7 scans)
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/00ddd/id/226132
OPF-426/3
(digitized 7 scans)
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/00ddd/id/226128
OPF-426/4
(digitized 14 scans)
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/00ddd/id/226124
1780, 1790-1791
Folder 454
1782-1784
Folder 455
1785-1789
Folder 456
1790-1795
Folder 457
1796-1799
Folder 458
1800-1810
Folder 459
1811-1822
Folder 460
1823-1825
Folder 461
1826-1830
Folder 462
1831-1832
Folder 463
1833-1840
Folder 464
1841-1847
Folder 465
1848-1849
Folder 466
1850-1852
Folder 467
1853-1854
Folder 468
1855-1868
Folder 469
1869
Folder 470
1870-1871
Folder 471
1872-1875
Folder 472
1876-1879
Folder 473
1880-1885
Folder 474
1886-1889
Folder 475
1890-1892
Folder 476
1893-1899
Folder 477
1900-1903 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.2. Land Grant Books, 1778-1800.
14 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Land grant volumes contain lists of land grants in Ashe and Wilkes counties, N.C.
Folder 478
V-426/108: 1778, 1795, 45 pp.
Land grant book number 1 (3).
Folder 479
V-426/109: 1778, 1795, 27 pp.
Land grant book number 2 (4).
Folder 480
V-426/110: 1778, 1795, 30 pp.
Land grant book number 3 (5).
Folder 481
V-426/111: 1778, 1795, 70 pp.
Land grant book number 4 (6).
Folder 482
V-426/112: 1778, 1795, 26 pp.
Land grant book number 5 (7A).
Folder 483
V-426/113: 1778, 1795, 21 pp.
Land grant book number 6 (7B).
Folder 484
V-426/114: 1792, 1795, 21 pp.
Land grant book number 7 (8).
Folder 485
V-426/115: 1778, 1795, 32 pp.
Land grant book number 8 (9).
Folder 486
V-426/116: 1778, 65 pp.
Land grant book number 9A (11).
Folder 487
V-426/117: 1778, 37 pp.
Land grant book number 9B (10).
Folder 488
V-426/118: 1778, 1795, 13 pp.
Land grant book number 10 (12).
Folder 489
V-426/119: 1778, 1796, 18 pp.
Land grant book number 11 with survey notes (13).
Folder 490
V-426/120: 1798-1800, 31 pp.
Land grant book (14).
Folder 491
V-426/121: 1795, 20 pp.
Land grant book (48).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.3. Surveys, Maps, and Memoranda, 1773-1893 and undated.
About 230 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Surveys, maps, and memoranda concern the Lenoir family’s land holdings and transactions, and their work surveying land for other individuals.
Folder 492
1773-1800
Oversize Paper Folder OPF-426/5
1796 and undated
Folder 493
1801
Folder 494
1802-1825
Folder 495
1826-1835
Folder 496
1836-1843
Folder 497
1844-1860
Folder 498
1861-1887
Folder 499
1888-1893
Folder 500-503
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.4. Surveyor Field Notebooks, 1795-1892.
About 30 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Field notes are for surveys of land by members of the Lenoir family for others and for themselves. There are also memoranda on surveys, land grants, and purchases, and a few enclosed items relating to land registration or surveying.
Folder 504
(digitized 28 scans)
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/utils/getthumbnail/collection/00ddd/id/206830
V-426/122: May-June 1795, 29 pp.
William Lenoir land survey field notes (47).
Folder 505
V-426/123: May 1796, 15 pp.
Land survey field notes.
Folder 506
V-426/124: May-July 1796, 49 pp.
William Lenoir land survey field notes and land grants (53).
Folder 507
V-426/125: June-July 1796, 37 pp.
Land survey field notes (55).
Folder 508
V-426/126: November 1798, 23 pp.
William Lenoir land survey field notes and memoranda (60).
Folder 509
V-426/127: November 1792-June 1801, 48 pp.
Thomas Lenoir land survey field notes.
Folder 510
V-426/128: June 1800-June 1801, 26 pp.
Land survey field notes.
Folder 511
V-426/129: October 1798-October 1802, 20 pp.
William Lenoir land survey field notes, with an enclosed survey warrant and land registration form (63).
Folder 512
V-426/130: August 1801-Novmeber 1804, 51 pp.
Thomas Lenoir land survey field notes (67).
Folder 513
V-426/131: 1799-1831, 44 pp.
William Ballard Lenoir’s land purchases, land grants, and land surveys in Ashe County, N.C. (127).
Folder 514
V-426/132: November 1807-September 1832, 72 pp.
William Lenoir land survey field notes and memoranda (91).
Folder 515
V-426/133: November 1841-1843, 42 pp.
Land survey field notes and memoranda on purchases, plats, and grants in Ashe County (149).
Folder 516
V-426/134: 1791-1854, 57 pp.
Land transactions, grants, and survey field notes (42).
Folder 517
V-426/135: 1853-1854, 12 pp.
Land survey field notes (193).
Folder 518
V-426/136: October 1856, 16 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s land survey field notes (197).
Folder 519
V-426/137: circa 1858, 11 pp.
Land survey field notes for Wilkes County, N.C.
Folder 520
V-426/138: 1875-1884, 64 pp.
Thomas Ballard Lenoir’s land survey field notes and memoranda.
Folder 521
V-426/139: October 1885, 16 pp.
Land survey field notes.
Folder 522
V-426/140: 1880s, 56 pp.
Land survey field notes and memoranda, with enclosed mileage logs.
Folder 523
V-426/141: 1891, 94 pp.
Thomas Ballard Lenoir’s land survey field notes and memoranda for Watauga County, N.C. (227).
Folder 524
V-426/142: 1867-1875, 1892, 113 pp.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s land survey field notes and memoranda (213).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.5. Labor and Leasing Agreements, 1774-1890.
About 700 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Labor and leasing agreements chiefly consist of agreements of individuals to rent land from William Lenoir and other members of the Lenoir family. There are also agreements for work arrangements between the Lenoirs and various individuals for construction, running the Fort Defiance grist mill, and plantation labor. Other agreements include William Lenoir’s purchase of a convict labor, barter or work arrangements for rent, and sharecropping contracts.
Folder 525
1774-1803
Folder 526
1804-1806
Folder 527
1807-1809
Folder 528
1810-1820
Folder 529
1821-1827
Folder 530
1828-1833
Folder 531
1834-1837
Folder 532
1838-1841
Folder 533
1842-1843
Folder 534
1844
Folder 535
1845-1846
Folder 536
1847-1848
Folder 537
1849-1851
Folder 538
1852-1855
Folder 539
1856-1858
Folder 540
1859-1862
Folder 541
1863-1890
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.6. Land Purchases and Sales Records, 1779-1897 and undated.
About 180 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Land purchase and sales records include receipts for the purchase and sale of land by members of the Lenoir family; receipts for registration of land with the county; survey warrants; and volumes containing the value of lands in Watauga, Caldwell, and Catawba counties, N.C.
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.6.1. Receipts for Land Purchases and Registration, 1779-1895 and undated.
About 180 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Receipts are for land purchases by members of the Lenoir family and for sales of land by them. There are also survey warrants and receipts for the registration of land with the county.
Folder 542
1779-1811
Folder 543
1823-1845
Folder 544
1846-1849
Folder 545
1850-1853
Folder 546
1854-1895 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 4.4.6.2. Land Sales and Valuation Books, 1880-1897.
2 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Land sales and valuation books contain memoranda of land sales and value in Watauga, Caldwell, and Catawba counties, N.C.
Folder 547
V-426/143: 1880s, 21 pp.
Memoranda of prices of lots in Watauga County.
Folder 548
V-426/144: 1882-1892, 1897, 30 pp.
Thomas Ballard Lenoir’s sale book of properties at Shull’s Mills, Caldwell and Catawba counties (221).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 5. Financial and Business Volumes, 1781-1892.
About 250 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Financial and business volumes consist of the memorandum books, account books, and day books of William Lenoir, his sons Walter Raleigh Lenoir and Thomas Lenoir, and Thomas’s sons William Avery Lenoir, Thomas Isaac Lenoir, and Walter Waightstill Lenoir. The books include records for household and plantation expenses, lumber and construction work, land transactions, labor, rents, and sales of crops and other items, as well as business, plantation, agricultural, and political memoranda. Additional memoranda for Walter Waightstill Lenoir are found in Series 6.3.2. Vol. 257 contains a few diary entries by William Avery Lenoir. Other plantation records are found in Series 3.
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1. Memorandum Books, 1782-1888.
About 150 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Memorandum books belong to William Lenoir, his sons Walter Raleigh Lenoir and Thomas Lenoir, and Thomas’s sons William Avery Lenoir, Thomas Isaac Lenoir, and Walter Waightstill Lenoir. Additional memoranda for Walter Waightstill Lenoir are found in Series 6.3.2.
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1.1. William Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1782-1839.
About 60 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
William Lenoir’s memorandum books contain notes and memoranda on horses, cattle, and other livestock; corn, wheat and other crops; rental agreements, land surveys, and records of deeds; political, legal, and court notes; militia activities; financial transactions; work records; and other household and plantation records. A few books contain records on William Lenoir’s travel on business.
Folder 549
V-426/145: August 1782-January 1783, 14 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (16).
Folder 550
V-426/146: February 1783-January 1784, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (17).
Folder 551
V-426/147: January 1784-February 1785, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (21A).
Folder 552
V-426/148: February-December 1785, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (21B).
Folder 553
V-426/149: January-September 1786, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (24).
Folder 554
V-426/150: September 1786-April 1787, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (25).
Folder 555
V-426/151: May-September 1787, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (28).
Folder 556
V-426/152: September 1787-June 1788, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (30).
Folder 557
V-426/153: June-December 1788, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (32).
Folder 558
V-426/154: January-April 1789, 16 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (33).
Folder 559
V-426/155: November 1782-March 1794, 48 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (44).
Folder 560
V-426/156: March 1794-August 1795, 80 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with enclosures (46).
Folder 561
V-426/157: 1795-1807, 6 pp.
William Lenoir’s memoranda on household, plantation, land, and court activities (51).
Folder 562
V-426/158: October-November 1796, 69 pp.
Diary and memoranda of a trip William Lenoir made to Philadelphia (54A).
Folder 563
V-426/159: September-December 1796, 20 pp.
Diary and memoranda of a trip William Lenoir made to Philadelphia (54B).
Folder 564
V-426/160: April 1797-December 1802, 82 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (59).
Folder 565
V-426/161: March 1802-June 1804, 64 pp.
Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Rousseau and Company and on Lenoir’s political foe James Wellborn (70).
Folder 566
V-426/162: January-February 1804, 20 pp.
William Lenoir’s land, household, and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Rousseau and Company 75).
Folder 567
V-426/163: May 1804-November 1806, 63 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Rousseau and Company and Lenoir’s various legal disputes, as well as militia activities (76).
Folder 568
V-426/164: November-December 1804, 18 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Rousseau and Company (74).
Folder 569
V-426/165: February-May 1805, 26 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (78).
Folder 570
V-426/166: February-March 1806, 15 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, including notes on slaves, land surveys, medical cures and recipes, and horse stud records (79).
Folder 571
V-426/167: May 1806, 5 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, including notes on slaves, land surveys, medical cures and recipes, and horse stud records (79).
Folder 572
V-426/168: May 1806-February 1807, 15 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (82).
Folder 573
V-426/169: December 1806-October 1811, 111 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, including slave records, and some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (85).
Folder 574
V-426/170: March 1807-September 1808, 29 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (88).
Folder 575
V-426/171: February 1808-July 1811, 34 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (89).
Folder 576
V-426/172: February 1808-November 1812, 57 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with enclosures (106).
Folder 577
V-426/173: June 1808-January 1809, 30 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (91).
Folder 578
V-426/174: January-May 1809, 14 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and court activities (94).
Folder 579
V-426/175: May 1809, 13 pp.
William Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (93).
Folder 580
V-426/176: June 1809-February 1810, 62 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and court activities (95).
Folder 581
V-426/177: March-July 1810, 25 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and court activities (98).
Folder 582
V-426/178: August-October 1810, 24 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and court activities (100).
Folder 583
V-426/179: October 1810-December 1813, 96 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, including notes on Lenoir’s court activities, accounts with various individuals, and memoranda of specie, and ten enclosed notes (102).
Folder 584
V-426/180: September-November 1811, 27 pp.
William Lenoir’s memoranda and expenses of a trip to Asheville, Haywood County, N.C., and Knoxville, Tenn. (104).
Folder 585
V-426/181: December 1812-June 1813, 44 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (109).
Folder 586
V-426/182: June-December 1813, 31 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (110).
Folder 587
V-426/183: December 1813-August 1814, 32 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (114).
Folder 588
V-426/184: December 1813-December 1819, 110 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and a list of promissory notes (111).
Folder 589
V-426/185: August 1814-April 1815, 48 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (112).
Folder 590
V-426/186: January-September 1815, 27 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (115).
Folder 591
V-426/187: September 1815-June 1816
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and an enclosure (116).
Folder 592
V-426/188: March 1816-August 1817, 26 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (113).
Folder 593
V-426/189: 1816-1817, 1839, 6 pp.
Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and a list of promissory notes (117).
Folder 594
V-426/190: June 1817-April 1819, 43 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (118).
Folder 595
V-426/191: February 1820-February 1839, 125 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (121).
Folder 596
V-426/192: October 1820-September 1823, 30 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (123).
Folder 597
V-426/193: October 1823-April 1825, 31 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and travel memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (119).
Folder 598-599
V-426/194: October 1824-August 1839, 147 pp. and enclosures
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (125).
Folder 600
V-426/195: April 1825-December 1826, 29 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, taxes, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and enclosures (126).
Folder 601
V-426/196: August-November 1826, 89 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (128).
Folder 602
V-426/197: November 1828-January 1830, 39 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (131).
Folder 603
V-426/198: February 1830-September 1831, 52 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes (147).
Folder 604
V-426/199: October 1831-March 1834, 48 pp.
William Lenoir’s household, plantation, and land memoranda, with some notes on Lenoir’s various legal disputes and military activities (148).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1.2. Walter Raleigh Lenoir Memorandum Book, 1809.
1 item.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
The 1809 memorandum book for Walter Raleigh Lenoir contains household, business and plantation notes.
Folder 605
V-426/200: 1809, 18 pp.
Memorandum book of Walter Raleigh Lenoir, containing lists of accounts and memoranda for business and plantation expenses, including promissory notes and horses (92).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1.3. Thomas Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1804-1849.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Thomas Lenoir’s memorandum books contain notes on his business travels in North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, as well as household and plantation records.
Folder 606
V-426/201: May-June 1804, 6 pp.
Expenses, mileage, and memoranda of a trip Thomas Lenoir took to Staunton, Va. (73).
Folder 607
V-426/202: December 1805, 5 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s household and plantation accounts, including slave records (77).
Folder 608-609
V-426/203: June-July 1806, 26 pp. and transcription reprinted from the Tennessee Historical Quarterly XVII:2, 12 pp.
Memoranda and diary entries for a trip Thomas Lenoir took to Tennessee (81).
Folder 610
V-426/204: April-October 1833, 15 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 611
V-426/205: December 1833-March 1835, 53 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 612
V-426/206: April-October 1835, 23 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 613
V-426/207: December 1835-January 1836, 32 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 614
V-426/208: February 1836, 8 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 615
V-426/209: May-October 1836, 31 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 616
V-426/210: December 1836-June 1837, 40 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 617
V-426/211: August 1837-January 1838, 38 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 618
V-426/212: May-December 1838, 40 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 619
V-426/213: January 1839-January 1840, 30 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 620
V-426/214: February 1840-March 1841, 46 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips to East Fork of Pigeon, N.C., and enclosures (150).
Folder 621
V-426/215: May 1842-December 1844, 51 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Folder 622
V-426/216: October 1843-October 1846, 48 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda for various business trips and for the settlement of William Lenoir’s estate (179).
Folder 623
V-426/217: July 1845-September 1849, 46 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of business trips in Haywood County, N.C. (150).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1.4. William Avery Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1836-1861.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
William Avery Lenoir’s memorandum books contain memoranda and expenses for his business travel to Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, and Georgia, as well as memoranda and accounts for land, household, and plantation expenses. The books also contain extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts. A few diary entries can be found in Vol. 257 in Series 5.3.
Folder 624
V-426/218: November 1836-April 1838, 19 pp.
Memoranda and expenses for trips William Avery Lenoir took to Tennessee, Arkansas, Missouri, and Georgia (155).
Folder 625
V-426/219: December 1838-March 1842, 80 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, land, household, and plantation expenses, including extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts (173).
Folder 626
V-426/220: March 1842-August 1844, 78 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, land, household, and plantation expenses, including extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts (178).
Folder 627
V-426/221: August 1844-October 1845, 57 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, land, household, and plantation expenses, including extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts (180).
Folder 628
V-426/222: 1852, 12 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, with enclosures (189).
Folder 629
V-426/223: May 1852-June 1854, 43 pp.
Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, land, household, and plantation expenses, including extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts (192).
Folder 630
V-426/224: April 1855-August 1858, 80 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, land, household, and plantation expenses, including extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts (196).
Folder 631
V-426/225: September 1858-January 1861, 40 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for travel, land, household, and plantation expenses, including extensive diary entries on his political, religious, and personal thoughts, as well as enclosures (202).
Folder 632
V-426/226: July 1859-August 1861, 55 pp.
William Avery Lenoir’s memoranda and accounts for slaves, real estate, crops and orchard, and rents (203).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1.5. Thomas Isaac Lenoir Memorandum Books, 1842-1868.
About 10 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Thomas Isaac Lenoir’s memorandum books contain memoranda and expenses for his business travel in North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Alabama, and Virginia, as well as memoranda and accounts for land, household, and plantation expenses.
Folder 633
V-426/227: 1842, 13 pp.
Memoranda, including expenses and mileage, for a trip to Alabama made by Thomas Isaac Lenoir and William Avery Lenoir (177).
Folder 634
V-426/228: September 1844-January 1858, 24 pp.
Memoranda for a business trip made by Thomas Isaac Lenoir to sell cattle, as well as accounts of livestock, land, and crops and enclosures (183).
Folder 635
V-426/229: January-February 1854, 33 pp.
Household and plantation memoranda, including expenses and mileage for a business trip to South Carolina made by Thomas Isaac Lenoir (194).
Folder 636
V-426/230: May-June 1856, 17 pp.
Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda, as well as travel expenses for a trip to Virginia (198).
Folder 637
V-426/231: circa 1856-1861, 20 pp.
Thomas Isaac Lenoir’s household and plantation memoranda (199).
Folder 638
V-426/232: June-September 1858, 22 pp.
Household and plantation memoranda of Thomas Isaac Lenoir, including surveys of mountains in western N.C., travel expenses for a trip to Spartanburg, medical cures, and lists of beef and pork for the year (201).
Folder 639
V-426/233: 1860, 18 pp.
Business memoranda of Thomas Isaac Lenoir on the construction of the Pigeon River turnpike (204).
Folder 640
V-426/234: 1866-1868, 56 pp.
Household and plantation accounts and memoranda of Thomas Isaac Lenoir, including notes on lumber, cattle, land, local gossip, and travels to Kentucky and other locations (212).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.1.6. Walter Waightstill Lenoir Memorandum Books, circa 1885-1888.
4 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s memorandum books contain memoranda and expenses for his business travel in North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Alabama, and Virginia, as well as memoranda and accounts for land, household, and plantation expenses. Some memoranda for 1862-1863 are found in Series 6.3.2. Vol. 292.
Folder 641
V-426/235: circa 1885, 18 pp.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s Caldwell accounts, work records, and memoranda, including legal notes on land, and enclosures.
Folder 642
V-426/236: 1888, 42 pp.
Scattered notes on Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s accounts with various individuals, with enclosed notes on crops, livestock, and work records at Shull’s Mill (223).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.2. Day Books, 1802-1865.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
The day books cover the daily business transactions of William Lenoir, Thomas Lenoir, and his sons William Avery Lenoir and Thomas Isaac Lenoir. The books include payments for rent, provisions, labor, and household and plantation expenses. A few of the volumes include agricultural notes or lists of accounts.
Folder 643
V-426/237: March 1802-December 1810, 165 pp.
William Lenoir day book (72).
Folder 644
V-426/238: November 1804-July 1819, 68 pp.
William Lenoir day book (108).
Folder 645
V-426/239: March 1810-March 1822, 209 pp.
Thomas Lenoir day book and enclosures (103).
Folder 646
V-426/240: May 1838-October 1842, 102 pp.
Haywood County day book (157).
Folder 647
V-426/241: March 1844-August 1846, 88 pp.
Thomas Isaac Lenoir day book and enclosures (181).
Folder 648
V-426/242: 1844-1849, 146 pp.
Thomas Lenoir day book, with entries by William Avery Lenoir and Thomas Isaac Lenoir (182).
Folder 649
V-426/243: August 1849-September 1865, 125 pp.
Thomas Lenoir day book, with entries by Thomas Isaac Lenoir and enclosures (188).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 5.3. Account Books, 1781-1892.
About 100 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Account books of William Lenoir, Thomas Lenoir, William Avery Lenoir, and Walter Waightstill Lenoir, containing entries for plantation activities, lumber and construction, land transactions, labor, rents, and sales of crops and other items, as well as business, plantation, agricultural, and political memoranda. Vol. 257 contains a few diary entries by William Avery Lenoir. Vols. 248-249 are oversized volumes.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 6. Government Records, 1776-1888 and undated.
About 700 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Government records include tax, census, military, postal, and court records, including official records for Wilkes County, N.C. Personal records for the Lenoir family can be found in other series. Personal tax records are found in Series 3.2.6. Records relating directly to William Lenoir’s and William Ballard Lenoir’s service as clerk of court are found in Series 3.2.4.1.
expand/collapse Subseries 6.1. Tax Records, 1777-1831 and undated.
About 60 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Tax records chiefly for Wilkes County, N.C., including memoranda for land, poll, and legal taxes; tax settlements with William and Walter Raleigh Lenoir as clerk of court of Wilkes County; lists of land and property taxes by household for the justices’ returns; and tax assessments on slaves. Lenoir family personal tax records are found in Series 3.2.6. Other clerk of court records are found in Series 3.2.4.1. and Series 6.5.
expand/collapse Subseries 6.1.1. Tax Papers, 1777-1831 and undated.
46 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Tax papers include notes on land taxes, lists of taxes on court cases, memoranda for land and poll taxes in various military districts, accounts of property taxes in Wilkes County, list of fines for tax fees paid in Wilkes County, and tax settlements paid by William Lenoir and Walter Raleigh Lenoir in their capacity as clerk of court of Wilkes County. Other clerk of court records are found in Series 3.2.4.1. and Series 6.5. Lenoir family personal tax records are found in Series 3.2.6.
Folder 670
1777-1810
Folder 671
1811-1831 and undated
Oversize Paper Folder OPF-426/6
1811-1831 and undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.1.2. Tax Volumes, 1783-1799.
About 15 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Tax volumes are lists of land and property taxes by household for the justices’ returns for Wilkes County, N.C., as well as a volume of tax assessments on slaves in Wilkes County. Volumes 262-265 are oversized volumes.
Folder 672
V-426/S-262: 1783, 166 pp.
Valuation of land for taxes in Wilkes County.
Folder 673
V-426/S-263: circa 1783, 14 pp.
Valuation of land for taxes in Wilkes County.
Folder 674
V-426/S-264: circa 1783, 56 pp.
Valuation of land for taxes in Wilkes County.
Folder 675
V-426/S-265: circa 1783, 136 pp.
Valuation of land for taxes in Wilkes County.
Folder 676
V-426/266: 1784, 34 pp.
List of land taxes for Wilkes County (20).
Folder 677
V-426/267: 1785-1786, 30 pp.
List of land and property taxes for Wilkes County (22).
Folder 678
V-426/268: 1787-1788, 36 pp.
List of land and property taxes for Wilkes County (29).
Folder 679
V-426/269: 1789, 54 pp.
List of land and property taxes for Wilkes County (35).
Folder 680
V-426/270: 1791-1799, 115 pp.
List of land and property taxes for Wilkes County, as well as enclosed land tax assessments (41).
Folder 681
V-426/271: 1 October 1798, 16 pp.
General list of slaves owned and superintended in the Fifth Assessment District, Sixth Division of the State of North Carolina (Wilkes County).
Folder 682
V-426/272: 1798, 9 pp.
List of slaves and tax assessments for Wilkes County (62).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.2. Census Records, 1777-1840.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Census records consist of tax inventories, district listings for the census of 1840, Thomas Lenoir’s 1840 census expenses and memoranda, and an instruction form for the 1840 census.
expand/collapse Subseries 6.2.1. Census Papers, 1777-1840.
4 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Census papers include two inventories of two districts in 1777 and an 1840 tax assessment instruction form.
Folder 683
Census papers
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.2.2. Census Volumes, 1840.
16 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Census records are district listings for the census of 1840 and include names of family heads and other household and agricultural information. There is also a scrapbook of census expenses and memoranda for Thomas Lenoir.
Folder 684
V-426/273: 1840, 18 pp.
Census for Becknall’s District at Hunting Creek (158).
Folder 685
V-426/274: 1840, 18 pp.
Census for Wright’s District at Hunting Creek (159).
Folder 686
V-426/275: 1840, 23 pp.
Census for Mastin’s District at Hunt’s Store (160).
Folder 687
V-426/276: 1840, 11 pp.
Census for Triplet’s District at Lewis’s Fork (161).
Folder 688
V-426/277: 1840, 14 pp.
Census for Triplet’s District at Lewis’s Fork (162).
Folder 689
V-426/278: 1840, 20 pp.
Census for the Little River District (163).
Folder 690
V-426/279: 1840, 16 pp.
Census for Captain Gilbreath’s Mountain District (164).
Folder 691
V-426/280: 1840, 20 pp.
Census for Captain Mark H. Shumate’s Mulberry District (165).
Folder 692
V-426/281: 1840, 12 pp.
Census for Captain George McNiel’s Reddie’s River District (166).
Folder 693
V-426/282: 1840, 11 pp.
Census for Captain McNiel’s Reddie’s River District (167).
Folder 694
V-426/283: 1840, 19 pp.
Census for Captain Spicer’s Roaring River District (168).
Folder 695
V-426/284: 1840, 14 pp.
Census for Captain Kilby’s Warrior District (169).
Folder 696
V-426/285: 1840, 12 pp.
Census for the Warrior District on Warrior Creek (170).
Folder 697
V-426/286: 1840, 12 pp.
Census for Captain Welborn’s Wilkesboro District (171).
Folder 698
V-426/287: 1840, 24 pp.
Census for several districts (172A).
Folder 699
V-426/288: 1840, 4 pp.
Thomas Lenoir’s memoranda of families not yet enumerated and expenses incurred for census work (172B).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.3. Military Records, 1776-1888 and undated.
About 250 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Military papers and volumes cover the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the Civil War, and include muster rolls, inspection and regimental returns, substitute contracts, receipts for pay and plunder, certificates of commission or promotion, division orders, and memoranda on supplies, casualties, and other regimental business.
expand/collapse Subseries 6.3.1. Military Papers, 1776-1888 and undated.
About 230 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Military papers primarily cover the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the Civil War. Revolutionary War material includes muster rolls, contracts for substitutes, prisoner lists, memoranda of soldiers’ services and wages, supply notes, receipts for plunder and pay, legal documents relating to various military matters, regimental returns, certificates of promotion and appointment, and division orders. For the War of 1812, there are muster rolls and inspection returns, commissions, depositions for war claims, commendations, various official forms, and circulars. Civil War materials include muster rolls, company supply lists, commissions, requisitions, ordinance reports, legal documents, enlistments, honorable discharges, an inventory of a dead soldier’s belongings, and memoranda of wounded soldiers. In 1888, there is information on the military career of William Lenoir requested by Walter Waightstill Lenoir. Undated material consists of mostly Revolutionary War-era receipts, maps, and miliary forms.
Folder 700
1776-1789
Folder 701
1790-1809
Oversize Paper Folder OPF-426/7
1809, 1817, and undated
Folder 702
1810-1849
Folder 703
1850-1865
Folder 704
1888
Folder 705
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.3.2. Military Volumes, 1779-1865.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Military volumes include accounts with soldiers and memoranda on supplies and equipment for Revolutionary War and Civil War regiments; a regimental return for the Tenth Brigade, Fifth Division of the North Carolina militia; and Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s Civil War memoranda book for the Caldwell Riflemen, which also includes extensive household and plantation memoranda and work records.
Folder 706
V-426/289: 1779-1781, 74 pp.
Accounts with soldiers and memoranda on supplies and equipment (15).
Folder 707
V-426/290: May 1809, 12 pp.
Return from the Tenth Brigade in the Fifth Division of the North Carolina Militia.
Folder 708
V-426/291: April 1861-January 1862, 46 pp.
Thomas Isaac Lenoir’s memoranda book containing lists of supplies and accounts for Company F, as well as enclosed accounts (207).
Folder 709
V-426/292: 1862-1865, 22 pp.
Walter Waightstill Lenoir’s memoranda book for his service in the Caldwell Riflemen, listing his expenses, supplies, and loans to members of the company. There is also a list of antebellum prices for lumber, household, and agricultural items, and memoranda for the management of family slaves, including lists of provisions, expected work production levels, and detailed instructions for weaving cloth. Enclosures include work records and household, plantation, livestock, and orchard memoranda for 1863-1865 (208).
Folder 710
V-426/293: Undated, 3 pp.
List of articles furnished for the soldiers from Fort Defiance.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.4. Postal Records, 1822-1880.
About 250 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Postal records are from the Fort Defiance, N.C., post office, where Thomas Lenoir, Thomas Isaac Lenoir, and Rufus Theodore Lenoir served as postmasters. The papers include financial and legal material, memoranda, and other items relating to the operation of the Fort Defiance post office. There are also many accounts of mail sent and received, and accounts of newspapers, periodicals, and pamphlets received at the Fort Defiance post office.
expand/collapse Subseries 6.4.1. Postal Papers, 1822-1880.
About 210 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Postal papers belong to the post office at Fort Defiance, where Thomas Lenoir, Thomas Isaac Lenoir, and Rufus Theodore Lenoir served as postmasters. The papers include receipts and bills for supplies and postal operations; postage and mailing memoranda; commissions for postmaster and the contracts and schedules of local carriers; forms recording mail, newspapers, and pamphlets received at the Fort Defiance post office; postmaster balances; auditors’ reports; quarterly returns; and other items relating to the administration of the post office.
Folder 711
1822-1854
Folder 712
1855-1860
Folder 713
1861-1863
Folder 714
1864-1880
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.4.2. Postal Accounts, 1841-1861.
About 80 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Accounts of newspapers, pamphlets, and periodicals received at the Fort Defiance, N.C., post office.
Folder 715
Postal accounts
Oversize Paper Folder OPF-426/8
Postal accounts
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.4.3. Postal Book, 1839-1859.
1 item.
Accounts of mail sent from and received at the Fort Defiance, N.C., post office.
Folder 716
V-426/S-294: 1838-1858, 319 pp.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.5. Court Records, 1785-1834 and undated.
About 120 items.
Arrangement: by type.
Court records include official court documents and records for various trials in the Wilkes County, N.C., County Court. Other records relating directly to William Lenoir’s and William Ballard Lenoir’s service as clerk of court are found in Series 3.2.4.1. and Series 6.1.1.
expand/collapse Subseries 6.5.1. Clerk of Court Papers, 1785-1834 and undated.
About 100 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Clerk of court papers are official court documents of the Wilkes County, N.C., County Court. Other records relating directly to William Lenoir’s and William Ballard Lenoir’s service as clerk of court are found in Series 3.2.4.1. and Series 6.1.1. Clerk of court papers include marriage licenses, petitions to the court, summons, bills for court costs, accounts of fines, fees, and forfeitures ordered by the court, accounts of fees received and paid, and a list of court justices.
Folder 717
1785-1809
Folder 718
1810-1834
Folder 719
Undated
Back to Top
expand/collapse Subseries 6.5.2. Court Volumes, 1791-1813.
About 20 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Processing Note: When a volume’s number has changed as a result of reprocessing, the old number may be found in parentheses following the volume description.
Court volumes consist of the Wilkes County, N.C., court records for various trials, as well as some accounts of fees and expenses.
Folder 720
V-426/295: April 1791, 13 pp.
County court records for various trials (50).
Folder 721
V-426/296: August 1794-May 1795, 60 pp.
Court records for various trials and enclosure (50).
Folder 722
V-426/297: August 1795, 15 pp.
County court records for various trials (50).
Folder 723
V-426/298: November 1795-February 1796, 26 pp.
County court records for various trials (50).
Folder 724
V-426/299: May 1796, 20 pp.
Court records for various trials (50).
Folder 725
V-426/300: August 1796, 23 pp.
County court records for various trials and enclosures (50).
Folder 726
V-426/301: May 1797, 18 pp.
County court records for various trials.
Folder 727
V-426/302: July 1799, 18 pp.
Court records for various trials (50).
Folder 728
V-426/303: May 1800, 3 pp.
County court records for various trials (66).
Folder 729
V-426/304: February 1801, 11 pp.
Court records for various trials (66).
Folder 730
V-426/305: August-November 1801, 18 pp.
County court records for various trials (66).
Folder 731
V-426/306: May 1801, 9 pp.
Court records for various trials (66).
Folder 732
V-426/307: February 1802, 8 pp.
County court records for various trials (66).
Folder 733
V-426/308: August 1802, 9 pp.
County court records for various trials (66).
Folder 734
V-426/309: November 1802, 16 pp.
Court records for various trials (66).
Folder 735
V-426/310: January 1803, 10 pp.
Court records for various trials (66).
Folder 736
V-426/311: 1811-1813, 53 pp.
Superior Court Execution Docket, listing trials, judgments, and expenses, and enclosures (107).
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 7. Compiled Material, 1969-1975.
3 items.
Arrangement: chronological.
Folder 737
Compilation of selected documents from the Lenoir Family Papers, 1969.
Folder 738
Mimeographed transcription of the 1784-1786 census of Wilkes County, abstracted and published by the Wilkes County Genealogical Society in 1974.
Folder 739
Bound copy of five transcriptions of Wilkes County accounts of taxable property, 1784-1799, abstracted and published by the Wilkes County Genealogical Society, 1974-1975.
Back to Top
expand/collapse Series 8. Pictures, 1860s-1900 and undated.
12 items.
Items P-426/6-12 are not included on the microfilm.
Image P-426/1
Photograph of unidentified seated woman, circa 1900
Image P-426/2
Photograph of girl, with inscription on verso, “Meta–Margaret C. Collins between two and three years of age.”
Image P-426/3
Photograph of unidentified man
Image P-426/4
Photographic postcard from Atlantic City of unidentified man and woman seated in a sled chair
Image P-426/5-6
Photographs of a painting of Fort Defiance, 1861-1865
Image P-426/7
Photograph of painting of William Lenoir
Image P-426/8-11
Printed copies of a drawn portrait of General William Lenoir, circa 1830
Image P-426/12
Portrait of a Confederate soldier, possibly Alden Howell, circa 1861-1865
Back to Top
expand/collapse Items Separated
Separated items include oversize volumes (S-426/248; S-426/249; S-426/262; S-426/263; S-246/264; S-246/265; S-246/294), oversize paper folders (OPF-426/1-8), and pictures (P-426/1-12).
Back to Top
Processing Information
Processed by: Roslyn Holdzkom, Elizabeth Pauk, Scott Philyaw, May 1994
Encoded by: Roslyn Holdzkom, March 2005
Revisions: Finding aid updated in February 2006 by Nancy Kaiser.
This collection was processed with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Division of Preservation and Access, Washington, D.C., 1993-1994.
Funding from the State Library of North Carolina supported the encoding of this finding aid.
Back to Top

The Lenoir Family Papers 1763-1940, 1969-1975 was last modified: by